Chapter Review on the Start of the War: OutlineThe Peacetime in the PhilippinesAs the Philippines fall into the American hands, the Filipinos started to rule themselves through theCommonwealth government, which served as a transitional government until granting independence.Under the Commonwealth government headed by President Manuel L. Quezon, the Philippines hadbeen under the “peacetime” period. Apparently, though it faced several problems, such as national security,social stability and economic self-sufficiency, Quezon faced these problems with courage and optimism(Agoncillo, 2010). Therefore, many improvements and development was also made in the field ofinfrastructure, education, language, social justice, economy and more. Furthermore, as the Tydings-McDuffie law had been passed and to take effect on July 4, 1946, the Filipino’s period towards independenceseems to be just a few reach away.The Beginning of the European WarOn the other hand, even though the Philippines was in a peacetime era behind the US, thingswere not easy for the dominant nations in Europe—after the Great Depression, millions of people wereunemployed all over the world. Therefore, they demanded for strong leaders to fulfill their needs. As aresult, in the case of Germany, they hailed Adolf Hitler as their ruler in 1933- and because Hitler blamedJews for Germany's problems, Nazi soldiers detained and imprisoned many Jews. Concurrently, Mussoliniwas Italy's tyrant, turned to be Germany's ally, and together they formed the Axis Powers. Hitler seized and occupied Poland in 1939. Therefore, in response to his conquest, Britain andFrance, two allied nations of Poland also declared war against them, which lead to the rise of World WarII. Moreover, as allied countries, Canada and Australia also fused with Britain and France in their battleagainst Nazi aggression in Europe.However, despite all of these, the United States remained silent andchose to stay outside the warzone (A Brief History of the U.S. Army in World War II, 1992). Meanwhile, though the European war attracted much attention in the Philippines, it doesn’t shrugthe Filipinos in fear knowing that they seemed secure under the American protection- who doesn’t seemed tobe interested in joining the European war during those times, also the war in Europe is indeed quite distant.Furthermore, it is said that after seeing the pictures of the distant war from media, some Filipinos evenstarted joking and making assumptions that because of the relative features of the Japanese, they thought that
some of the pilot of the aircrafts might have been Germans. Also, instead of the tragic life threats of the war,they were more concerned towards its economic impact because ships were rerouted to the war areas and thePhilippines began to find it difficult to export products.