Food science and nutrition FSN250 s07 exam2 - FSN 250 EXAM...

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Unformatted text preview: FSN 250 EXAM 2A March 14, 2007 NAME n.- . M, NH“... This is a Scantron test. Please darken the appropriate ”bubbles.” For true/ false questions, darken A for True and B for false. Please write exam number (2A) in the Test No. blank on the Scantron form. Also, please check to make sure that you have all 17 pages of this examination. v 9. Which statement is correct? a) The humoral system of medicine is uniquely Chinese and is relatively unimportant in the history of medicine. b) An iatrogenic pathology is most likely to be experienced with Chinese .medicines. @ A tonifying food would be one that has lots of pa. ) Pu foods are least likely to be aphrodisiacs. -— 10. Which statement is correct? a) Rare and exotic foods are thought to be especially pu because they concentrate chi. b) A food that obeys the law of similarities such as a deer's penis or a walnut (resembles the brain) would have pu properties. c) Eating a tu food or food combination is like using the barbariansto control the barbarians. .All of the above. -' 11. Which statement is correct? a Japan is mostly flat and has very few farms.» b “The northernmost island of Japan is Hokkaido, where the original people, the Ainu, live. c) Until the 20‘" century, Japan was composed only of fiefdoms with no unifying authority. a d) Emil WWII, the United States was relatively uninvolved in Japan’s 'story. 12. Which statement is correct? a) Tempura, usually comprised of deep-fried vegetables and seafood, is actually not a Japanese food originally but was introduced by the Portuguese. b) Tonkatsu is a pork cutlet, introduced to the Japanese by the Dutch. c) "giSOJapanese Exclusion Act was passed by the US. Congress in the s. a“ The majority of Japanese-Americans live in California and Hawaii. é‘ All of the above are true 13. (Ta? Approximately the same proportion of Japanese as Americans live in ral areas and Japanese farms are also about the same size as American farms. H ,, . ff i . \li Ufa "iit‘it "1' ' 1‘ iii"? g if} r J 19. Which statement best demonstrates first—order and second-order languages proposed by Roland Barthes? a) Roses support florists (first—order) and express love (second-order) b) Support the nation’s social structure (first—order) by preparing your obentos carefully (second-order) / c) In order to avoid threatening male dominance in the workplace (first- order) a woman's place is in the home (second-order). ‘ ll of the above 20. In the article on Japanese food culture that we read, how did David's teacher signify his conformance? a) How well he could sing the Japanese national anthem b) His ability to identify important Japanese military victories c Ability to recall his favorite Japanese foods Walking in line, brushing his teeth after eating, and arriving at school early. 21. Which statement is correct? a) From even before it became a territory, Hawaii was considered to be critically important to the American navy in the Pacific. b) The missionaries outlawed the hula and nudity while teaching the adult population to read and write. c) Ali'i families turned their children over to missionary couples for education. All of the above ~ 22. Which statement is correct The number of Hawaiians dwindled by 80% within 50 years after initial contact with Captain James Cook. b) Missionaries encouraged private ownership of land by the common Hawaiians. “ c) Kalakaua was much favored by the Missionary Boys and by the US. government. d) Most laborers brought to work in Hawaii were imported from the South Pacific islands. [email protected]) The missionary boys saw it to be in their commercial interests to Americanize the islands of Hawaii. [email protected]/ F) The haole community approved of Princess Liluokalani's actions, such as the decision to close the ports during a smallpox epidemic. (’7 31. How does the Tabaconas valley compare to the coastal region of Peru? a) The Tabaconas valley is far more arid. There are far better roads in the Tabaconas valley ommunications are better in the coastal region. -* There is a lot more wildlife in the coastal region. r 32. What statement most reflects the coffee business in the Tabaconas valley? a) Farmers selling coffee under the Fair Trade system can actually raise a family. b) Fair trade or no fair trade, coffee is better than the previous crop, sugar, which was often made into aguardiente. c Shaded coffee trees actually lead to greater yields. a) All of the above [email protected]) The conquistadors of Peru held the Inca for a ransom of gold, then lled him when the ransom had been paid. 3 F) According to the article we read, the price of coffee was 25 cents per ound, a farmer needed 80¢ per pound to raise a family, and Fair Trade coffee was selling for $1.29 per pound. 35. What statement is correct about organic coffee? a) It costs $2,000 to become organically certified. b) It takes 3 years to get a coffee farm organically certified. c) Organic coffee sells for more than Fair Trade coffee d) If you make one mistake during the certification process, you have to start over. e? All of the above are correct. 36. Which term refers to a type of Peruvian risotto? a) Cabrito con yum b) Pica de came ‘ Humita Arroz con pato e) Aguardiente , 37. Which statement is correct? a 'Liquamen was a type of cake made of millet. The emperor Constantine was the first Roman emperor to make Christianity the state religion. (2) For most of their history, the Romans were atheists. d) The Titus Arch on Palatine Hill commemorates the fall of Babylon. 46. How, before modernization, did bread unite people in Sardinia? a) Farmers rented land from the wealthier classes. b) Men worked together to grow the wheat. C) Women got together on a regular basis to produce bread, gossip, share s opinions, etc. a All of the above ~— 47. Choose the correct statement. a) According to the article on Sardinia, individualization is necessary for capitalistic economic development. b) Pane deila Nonna claims to be ”Grandma’s bread” but it’s actually made in a factory. c) Opulent consumption in Sardinia has come out in the open; it used to be hidden. d) In the past, Sardinian home meals were parsimonious All of the above 48. Select the correct statement @Reciprocity fosters culture by promoting interdependence. b) Strozzapretti is a type of prosciutto. c) One benefit accruing to Sardinians from modernization is the development of tighter communities. _ d) Sardinia is located about halfway down the Italian peninsula, to the east of Rome. 49. Which statement is correct? a) There are 60 million African-Americans living in the US. today. b) African-Americans mostly originated from Ethiopia and Eritrea. (1) Approximately 5 million slaves were imported into the US. before .1865. accoon, squirrel, and chitterlings were the slave’s diet partly because they didn’t have the time or resources to raise their own meat. 50. Which statement is most correct concerning Ghanaian cooking? a Fufu is a paste made by pounding corn with cowpeas. Grasscutter is a type of rodent that is highly prized for its taste. c) The goat is never consumed in West African cuisines. d) The currency of Ghana is the cedi, and like most of the world's currencies, it has grown in value against the dollar. 57. £12 F) The two events that shook Cote d’Ivoire to its bones Were: in 2002, the els attacked the major cities and caused the country to split into two halves; and in 2004, the remaining French were chased out of the country, leading to a huge drop in foreign investment. 58. According to Neuhaus, which factor contributes most to the impoverishment of the Ivorian cocoa farmer? a) Drought Middlemen (e.g. pisteurs and traitants) ine governmental taxes d) TNCs (Transnational Corporations) e) World Bank 59. Which statement is most correct? The American food industry earns $1.3 trillion per year _ ) One-fourth the home food budget is spent on restaurants. SD /‘ c) American food production amounts to 1900 kcal/ per person/ day — d) 20% of the total family budget is spent on food ~- e) All of the above. 60. @’ F)» Pepsi’s annual advertising budget is $1.1 billion compared to the Federal government's annual advertising budget of $2 million for the 5—a- day campaign (five fruits or vegetables per day.) 61. Which statement about our tasty, talented food additives is correct? a) BVOs or “Brominated Vegetable Oils” are used to make soft-drinks cloudy, creating the illusion of fruit flavors. b) Titanium dioxide, the white pigment of house paint, is the opacifier of donut creme fillings. V c) High-fructose corn syrup, the dominant sweetener in the soft—drink industry, triggers neither insulin nor leptin production. Consequently, according to some nutritionists, one is tempted to consume large quantities of the sweetener. d) Buffers in cheese squares on cheeseburgers maintain a high water- binding capacity, preventing oiling out so beads of fat don’t appear at the surface . Q All of the above are correct ~ 62. at example(s) show(s) how the military propelled advancements in food technology? a) . Research into irradiated foods. b) Canning A The rise of the biscuit 6- All of the above J 11 v 69. Regarding the American farm.. .. a) The number of American farms decreased from 5.6 million to 2.2 million since 1950." ') The average American farmer earns 17¢ on the dollar. v” c) BST hormone, a synthetic substance, was developed to increase milk productivity at a time when many dairy farmers had to leave the business due to falling milk prices caused by extremely productive , 70. Which is not mentioned as one of the three pillars of sustainability? a Environmental health. @ganic methods of farming. c) Economic health of the community d) Social and economic equity. 71. Which concept does Wes Jackson push in his article, "Making Sustainable Agriculture Work?” a) Biotechnology can be practiced without the ”subdue and ignore” assumptions of contemporary agriculture. b) Co—opting of the term ”sustainable agriculture” by mainstream agriculture is OK as long as everyone is on the same page. G? The soil is like a community. You build up both: the soil with compost and manure and the community by using the money locally. (1) All of the above are true 72. What was Jefferson’s vision which according to Jackson is being ruined by contemporary agricultural technologies? a) That most of the land would never be tilled. b) That local farmers would work more in concert with banking institutions rather than the federal government. 7 That farms would be owned by local farmers d) That one-half of all acreage would lie fallow at any point in time. [email protected] False) According to'Frances Moore Lappé in her article, ”Food, mg, and Democracy,” free-market means that distributors and processors are free to pass costs on to the farmer and keep the profits for themselves. 74® e) In the same article, Lappé states that prices do not reflect the real cos s: damage to the environment and to the water table. These are costs borne by the farmer, not by the distributors or processors. 13 h 81. Which of the following is NOT correct? a) Ethnic Chinese in the Philippines are often murdered, not so much for money as for lack of dignity, a feeling of hopelessness, and grievance. @ The Payatas explosion was a caused by Filipinos murdering ethnic Chinese. c) Free-market democracy promises to unite the world—according the Golden Arches Theory. 4 .- Amy Chua sees Americans as a market-dominant minority. » 82. Pick the correctly matched backlash and situation as discussed in class. a) Backlash against markets: targeting of the market-dominant minority’s wealth: Zimbabwe b) Backlash against democracy by forces favorable to the market- dominant minority: the Philippines under America's good friend, Ferdinand Marcos. cf" Violence, sometimes genocidal, directed against the market’dominant minority itself: Rwanda, Hutus killing the Tutsis. All of the above are correctly matched. 83. Regarding global warming, which statement is true? @The US. contribution to global warming is estimated at 30%; that of Africa at 2.5% b) Thus far, glacial melting has been minor—barely noticeable. -- c) Very little of Greenland has shown evidence of melting. , d) Cities situated close to sea level have not yet had to deal with sea level rise. s 84. (T® Thinning of ice at the North Pole is still barely noticeable] measurable. 85. Regarding global warming, which statement is true? a) The US. auto industry certainly proves that investing in better performance vehicles is a recipe for disaster. :7 b) Although global warming is thought to be associated with increased wildfires, there has been very little evidence of such an increase— anywhere on the planet. c) No one overseas should blame the US. for global warming; there is no ' credible evidence that we have contributed to greenhouse gases The drop in number of frost days has led to a substantial rise in the population of insects in agricultural areas. ' 86. @l J) The Seven Wedge Theory states that if we Earthlings were to modify our behaviors to do all seven wedges between now and 2050, we could maintain atmospheric CO2 levels at their current levels. 87. (T . Wind power is still in the testing stage. Hardly any electricity is ge erated using the wind. 88. }@ According to Consequences article, an agroecosystem is strictly imited to the interactions of a crop with the environment. 15 98. Select the correct statement regarding Hawaii. ' Mochi, a Japanese product, is only served the way you would find it in Japan. b) Despite all the development and immigration, native Hawaiians are still in the majority. ~ c) *The plate lunch is both Haole and Asian because it has macaroni salad, meat, and rice. , d) There is only one type of taro; it can be used for poi or for chips. - w 99. What is CSA? a) Chemically Sustainable Agriculture: using only chemicals that are known to degrade in 24 hours. b) Corn—Sorghum-Agriculture: a no-till technique practiced on corn and sorghum but which is now being used on other crops in order to minimize wind erosion. c)‘i Community-Supported—Agriculture: members of the community a urchase shares of the crop and pick up boxes of produce weekly. Vi} Canadian—Soft-Agriculture: a filling technique that reaches only 6 inches into the ground, causing minimal erosion while maintaining a healthy population of microbes and insects. Developed in Canada. 100. Who is said to have saved the planet from mass famines predicted to occur in the 19805 by genetically engineering new plant varieties? a) “Rachel Carson b)” Norman Borlaug c) Dennis Avery fi); Vandana Shiva 17 - 38. Which statement is correct? The pope is still called ”Pontifex Maximus,” just like the Roman emperors. b) Italy became a federal state about 900 years ago. c) Naples is the origin of the jelly doughnut. d) All of the above are true 39. Which statement is correct? a) The French choux or cream puff is actually Neapolitan in origin. b) The pastry, ”Napoleon", was originally called a "Neapolitan." Sfogliatelle is a Neapolitan pastry dusted with powdered sugar All of the above are true 40. Which statement is correct regarding the clip of the movie, Big Night? a) Double-starching is an acceptable practice. b) A Philistine is a rude customer . c An authentic risotto would have large shrimp and scallops. @ The brothers are named after parts of the Italian menu. 41. (T' F) Italian cuisine is pretty much the same whether you’re eating in Bol na, Rome, or Naples. 42. ([email protected] living on the Italian peninsula were drinking coffee even in Roman times - 43. Which statement is correct? a) The first Italian-American restaurants were spaghetti joints frequented by Italian laborers. ‘b) Eggplant parmigiana is Italian, Veal Parrnigiana is Italian-American c The Slow Food Movement started in Italy d) l of the above 44. Which name refers to Italian ice cream? a) Gelati. c) Prosciutto di Parma d) Fava v45. In the Sardinia article, modernization without development was exemplified by ‘ a) Modernization of the Sardinian fishing fleet b) Irrigation of fields growing grains destined for large bakeries on the . mainland. rowth of tourism but not of local industry. Large-scale bakeries moving to the island to produce pane della nonna. 25. False) The Hawaiian plate lunch started as a lunch sold to farm (workers. 26. Which statement is correct? a) Limu was eaten by Hawaiian men and women equally. - b) Hawaiians eat just about as much rice per person per year as most Americans on the mainland. - c) CalRose is a long-grain rice that, when cooked, is not sticky. - Poke is a type of soup * Q Musubi is cooked sticky rice wrapped with nori. 27. Which statement is correct? a) Poi was quickly adopted by the Chinese and Japanese laborers. b) Taro is a fruit that was the foundation of the popular drink, Hawaiian Punch. (31? Manapua is a large, fluffy steamed dumpling. Saimin never became an important part of the Hawaiian diet. 28. Which statement is true? a) The encomienda system as instituted by Columbus on Hispaniola and other islands systematized forced labor and brutal treatment of the Arawaks. b) The Caribs were considered to be cannibals and the word cannibal comes from “cari .” - - c) With the Treaty of Tordesillas, Spain and Portugal adopted their . respective halves of the planet to colonize and to dominate. d) All of the above are true. 29. Which statement is true? a Bartolomé de las Casas, a former encomendero, attempted to expose the brutality of the Spanish system. b) Mestizos have pure Spanish blood. c) Cortez conquered Peru. (1) Today, Inca Cola is an independent soft drink company owned by Peruvians. - 30. Which statement is true?! Pisco Sour is made from chicha. Ferrefiafé is located in a desert region where rice is grown. c) Peruvian ceviche is just like Mexican ceviche. - d) Chicha morena is made from algarrobou 14. Which statement is correct? a) The Japanese fishing fleet is quite antiquated and inefficient. ) Kelp is used to make wasabe. @Nofi is made from a seaweed called laver. v Most of the green wasabi eaten in Japanese restaurants is the grated product of the real horseradish root or hon-wasabi. V 15. Which statement is NOT correct? F ,p w. l U ‘ jg” a Per capita Japanese fish consumption is five times that of Americans. Japanese life expectancy is almost 5 years longer than American life expectancy. I c) Tsukiji is the name of the Tokyo fish market, possibly the largest since Roman times. d) The Japanese conduct “research” on whales, which essentially means killing thousands using factory ships. ~ 16. Bluefin is a national Japanese obsession. Which of the following phrases is correct? a) There are two kinds of bluefin: Atlantic and Southern. “' b) Toro is the name of the bluefin’s highly prized fatty portion. v c) A single Bluefin can sell for as much as $100,000. v" d) Bluefin stocks are diminishing rapidly and the fish is now farmed V” ® All of the above are true 17. Which statement is correct? a) Maki sushi is made with just rice, no seaweed. - ® Fugu is made from a pufferfish that concentrates a toxin in its liver. Fugu chefs have to very carefully cut up the fish to avoid spreading the toxin and killing their clients. c) Kaiseki is a type of green tea. (1) For the Japanese child, the obento proves to be more soto than uchi. - — 18. Which of the following best represents an example of a tool of the Ideological State Apparatus? a) Prisons b) Obento box c) Rifle d A and B QNone of the above With the multiple choice questions, pick the one best answer. With the True / False questions, use A for True and B for False. 1. (T513)! Sea cucumber, not a particularly tasty food, is eaten because it is ght to promote sexual function, following the law of contamination, which is part of sympathetic magic. ~ 2. (T/@Szechwan cooking is milder than Cantonese cooking. 3. Which statement is true? a) China was democratically run until the early 19th century. ‘b) Sun Yat Sen, a peasant, was an important Commun...
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