Jacksonian_America_Outline - Jacksonian America The Rise of...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 4 pages.

Jacksonian America The Rise of Mass Politics *Reign of Terror where Moboracy ruled… “ King Mob” *Spoils System = patronage Jackson’s Beliefs *Limited Gov’t *Forceful presidential leadership *Preservation of the Union * White -male democracy (too bad for Afr. Amer., Indians, and women) Tariff of Abominations, 1828 *VP Calhoun (46 yr) *Supported protective tariff after War of 1812 *1828=high tariffs hurt SC *Calhoun’s Theory of Nullification was an alternative to secession and revived TJ’s KY Resolution * South Carolina Exposition , 1828 Martin Van Buren *Same age as Calhoun *Gov. of New York in 1828 *Believed in laissez-faire(“hands off approach to economics”) and state’s rights …wanted to avoid slavery *1829=Sec of State for AJ *Member of official cabinet and kitchen cabinet (AJ’s unofficial group of advisors) *Took up horsemanship in order to accompany the Pres. On his morning rides The Eaton Affair…Calhoun v Van Buren, 1829…“petticoat politics” *Sec of War John Eaton (fellow Tenn)…AJ picked him even though Calhoun begged for a South Carolinian to get the job *Rumors of an affair with a tavernkeeper’s daughter, Peggy; her husband dies at sea…she quickly marries Eaton *Mrs. Calhoun (along with the other cabinet wives) refuses to receive Peggy The “Ladies’ War” continues until 1831 *Calhoun sides with wife while Van Buren, being a bachelor befriends the Eatons *Van Buren and Eaton give their resignations and AJ reorganized his cabinet *AJ tried to appoint Van Buren as minister to Great Britain, but when the Senate tied on the vote…VP Calhoun blocked the move *AJ then learned from Crawford that Calhoun had wanted to censure AJ during the Seminole War…Jackson sent a note to Calhoun, “Et tu Brute” Webster-Hayne Debate, 1830 *Debate in Senate over nullification *States’ Rights versus National Powers *Hayne, SC, accused North of slowing the building of the West to hang onto power…in honesty he was trying to gain support in the West for his tariff stand *Webster, MA, union is of the “people” not the state…ex=“We the People…” No state can nullify a national law Jefferson Day Dinner *Everyone wondered which side AJ was on… *AJ prepared a toast in advance and echoed the words of Webster * Our  Federal

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture