HistoryNotes-11-2-05 - History Notes - 11/2/05 * Section...

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History Notes - 11/2/05 * Section 18: "The Dutch Republic" * “The Dutch Republic” was referred to with a variety of titles: "The United Provinces," “The Nederlands,” and “The Dutch Republic.” Organized by : 1.) The Dutch Republic – Cultural History 2.) The Dutch Republic – Economic Situation 3.) The Dutch Republic – Political Background/Situation 1.) The Dutch Republic – Cultural History * Independent Nation - doing quite well - The Dutch are the most Bourgeois - they have an extensive Middle Class - Professional people who are businessmen, tradesmen, merchants, etc. - wealthier than any other nation at this time * As a people, they acquired a nationality of their own - Resistance to Spain - resistance to the Council of Blood * They were successful in using diplomacy - they enjoyed a degree of comfort - opportunity for intellectual gains * This is the time period of intellectual achievements for The Dutch Republic * Hugo Grotius - He became one of the first to write on the topic of International Law - " The Law of War and Peace " - Law and relationships between nations. * Baruch Spinoza - Wrote extensively on all kinds of topics - Philosopher, lens grinder (microscopes) * Leeuwenhoke and Swammerdam - Biological science and the microscopic world - pioneers * Christian Hyguns - Physics and Math - Improved the telescope and made clocks that ran on
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HistoryNotes-11-2-05 - History Notes - 11/2/05 * Section...

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