Korea 50 Lecture 3 - Korea 50 Lecture 3 Later Silla and...

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Korea 50 Lecture 3: 10/4/12Later Silla and ParhaeSilla Culture-Trade-Science-Writing systems-Literature-Buddhism-ArtsSyrian vase found in Silla – Shows that there was tradingP’osokchong – Little passageways filled with waterLarge bell – Used for communicationTile ends with Buddhist symbolsBuddhism as Official State Religionadopted by Koguryo in 372Paekche in 384Silla in ca.534-5 (ich’adon incident in 527)Ich’adonSilla as last holdoutIch’adon was monk advisor to King Pophung and devised planIch’adon said king had said to declare Buddhism as official religion of sillaKing denied it, ordered ich’adon to be beheaded in 527-Karma = interconnection of human events-nirvana = supreme bliss, nothingness-samsara = transmigration of souls-truths = life is painful= pain comes from desire= cease suffering by abandoning desireSignification of Buddhism:-filial piety, state protectionism-different sects/schools-direct state control of Buddhism-material culture-appeal to top and bottomKoreanization of Buddhism-shamanism and Buddhism compatible-shaman deities incorporated into Buddhism-King as living Buddha-Buddhism not one-way transmission but cultural interchange-Lumbini (birthplace of buddhism)
Wonhyo (617 – 686 CE)-With another monk, uisang, set out to go to chine-took reguge during strom in aa cave-drank water from bowls-daylight discovery – found skeletons in the cave and drank from skulls (they thought those were bowls)-realized the power of the mind-wrote numerous treatises on Buddhist textsPure land Buddhism-wonhyo harmonized Buddhism promoted pure land Buddhism-especially popular among commoners

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