Korea 50 Lecture 4 - Korea 50 Lecture 4 The Second...

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Korea 50 Lecture 4 The Second(?) Unification and the 29 Wives of Wang Kon How did Koryo unify the peninsula and ensure its strength? Silla’s Decline Decline after King Koyongdok about 20 kings in 150 years problems with rigidity of bone rank system increasing factionalism increased trade between sill and tang china rise of local warlords weaken central aristocracy throne, ( capital vs. local) Chang Pogo (d.846) chonghae garrison on wando had 10000 soldiers military and commercial success in silla and tang helped enthrone king, wanted to marry daughter to another king representative of rise of warlords Warlords some were transplanted kyongju aristocrats (true bones and head-rank 6) others were local castle lords signalled weakening of central government and aristocracy blame on queen Chinsong (r.887- 897) as bad ruler (accused that she had lovers and favourites) the later three kingdoms koryo f.918 by wang kon (king taejo, r.918-943) [“The good”] Later paekche f.892 by yi kyonhwon (kyon hwon, r. 892-936) [“the bad”] Later koguryo f.901 by kim kungye (kung ye Kim Kungye [“The ugly”] sillian prince foretold to bring harm to silla abandoned as infant became monk then soldier founded later koguryo in 901 usurped by wang kon Yi Kyonhwon [“The bad”] had been poor peasant and foot soldier in silla est. later paekche in 892 attacked silla capital of kyongju, killed king, raped queen later overthrown by eldest son when he tried to enthrone younger son Wang Kon [“The good”] Gentry family of maritime interests succeeded kungye in 918 (overthrew Kungye) founded koryo in 918 with capital in Kaesong The good, the bad, the ugly. characterizations
who write history? Wang Kon (King T’aejo, r.918-943) -29 wives (some were sisters of wives aka married sister in laws) -from 20+ local strongmen’s families to gain cooperation -gave some of them Wang surname -some wives of Silla true-bone descent -Silla descendants given preferential treatment over those of later paekche

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