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History -4-7-06 - The Russian Revolution and Communist...

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The Russian Revolution and Communist Russia to 1941 Section 91 : 1.) A.) Similarities Both liberation movements Neither was strictly a nationalistic movements The whole world followed the events All countries were involved Strong Reaction and revolutionary patterns B.) Differences: Russia was in “Rear,” and France was in “lead” French middle class was more active French Revolution just took place Russian Revolution was organized 2.) How would the Russian Revolution be regarded by Europe The Russian Revolution had very few followers in a more capitalistic Europe However, it did influence the peasant classes because it denounced imperialism and monarchy 3.) The Russian Revolution would greatly influence the 3 rd World as well as most of South Eastern Asia and Asian countries to sew the seeds of Communism 4.) V.I Lenin and the Bolsheviks took the Revolution in mid stream. They were not accused of starting the Revolution. They, unlike the middle class in France, took up the leadership of the Revoultionaries after the start. 5.) Alexander III, after his death, were driven into exile. The People's Will became extinct. Jews were segregated and all cultures feared total rule by the Great Russian Empire. 6.) Pobiedonostev saw something alien and dooming in Western Culture. He attacked Western rationalization and wanted Russia connected to a church like a Community. 7.) Russia's contributions: Literature – Tolstoy, Turgeneau, Dostoevski, MUSIC – Tchaikosvsky, Rimsky-Kovsakov 8.) The impact of industrialization had a major impact on Russia. Railways,
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mines, and factories entered Russia. Europe had invested as much money in Russia as U.S. In turn, currency became convertible. Telegraph wires came into existence. Wages, especially, rose due to an increase in industrial jobs. 9.) The one distinct feature of the Russian Proletariat was the mass of workes concentrated in industry. Thus, they became easy to organize against the owners and capitalists. 10.) *A.) Ownership was in foreign hands *B.) Much was owned by Tsarist government itself *C.) Largest state-operated economic system *D.) Less dependent on their own people 11.) A liberal segment reinforced by Professional landowners emerges in 1905 as constitutional democratic party “cadets.” 12.) The political agenda of this group included: more emphasis on a need for a nationally elected parliament to control policies than the troubles of factory workers and peasants 13.) They lived in mirs and were confined to a community and could only leave with permission. They all paid extremely high taxes 14.) The Russians living in the mirs. Communities demanded more land, mainly because of the crude cultivation of the land. 15.) The “Kulaks” were wealthier peasants 16.) The peasants believed they had rights in all the lands of former estates of former serfs. They demanded the government to allot the land. Hence, the clothes, speech, and manners were all different.
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