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FA14 Spring 2014 Soc 001: Exam 3 Review Topics. · This study guide only covers material in the textbook (“Core Concepts”). · Lectures are their own study guide. But please be expert on the difference between Marx’s and Weber’s conceptions of social class. Also know the benefits and drawbacks of globalization as presented in lecture.· Each reading has a separate study guide.· There will be 50 multiple-choice questions.o The breakdown of questions will be approximately:§ Dyer (chapter 22)§ Chambliss (chapter 27)§ Loewen (chapter 32)o (25 questions total): 8 to 10 questions from each CORE Chapter 11, 12, 13o 8-16 questions from LECTURE Materials All lecture material· For each Textbook chapter, please don’t forget to do the Stop and review questions, and the review questions at the end of the chapterChapter 11Deviance-Behavior that violates normsBreach-Another word meaning to violate (a norm)Norms reflect values-i.e. we value looking nice; a norm is to wear matching shoes-when people deviate, they are also saying I do not hold this valueConformity-changing of behavior due to real or imagined influence of othersRelativity of deviance-The rules depend on the situation, therefore violating those rules depends on the situation.-norms and deviance depend on who you ask-the opposite of deviant is normative-deviance vary across: cultures, subcultures, and time periodsNonsociological explanations of why people deviateLombroso-Biological failures-Atavists- biological state with a variety of physical manifestations, including low foreheads, prominent cheekbones, protruding ears, and lots of body hairPsychological factors - “aggressive personality” vs. “superego”
-Super ego is a strong conscience as a result of successful socialization that leads to people being good-Aggressive personality is a trait that manifests aggressive behaviors from people who aren’t successfully socializedMuzafer SherifAutokinetic Effect-Very small movements of the eye-A spot of light in a dark room appears to move because the eyes lack a stable frame for reference-When people are faced with an uncertain situation they depend on one another for clues of what to doSociological explanations of why people deviateBecker – how people learn to deviateHow people learn to enjoy effects of marijuana; deviance is learned-Deviance is frequently a learned social behavior-Professional jazz musician in the 1950s (most smoked)-3 social processes 1)learning proper smoking technique 2) learning to perceive the effects and 3)learning to enjoy the effects Chambliss – why people deviateLabeling theory/Societal reaction theory-Symbolic interactionist paradigm-Being labeled reinforces deviant behavior-Becomes a self-fulfilling prophecyPrimary deviance-Everybody does something deviant-Isolated actSecondary deviance-Some people are caught and labeled “deviant”-Labeling causes secondary (ongoing) devianceChapter 12Social Stratification-Social evaluation-ranking-reward system-Stratification systems vary from society to society but all have 3 things in