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Architecture Roman Lecture 6

Architecture Roman Lecture 6 - Habitats at Herculaneum and...

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Habitats at Herculaneum and Early Roman Interior Decoration - According to legend, founded by Hercules - Inhibited by Oscans and then by Samnites - Herculaneum participarted in the Social War and was conquered by legate of Sulla and made Roman city in 89BC - Earthquake of 62 damaged the city and a 17 year period of rebuilding - White blanket of lava solidified and hermetically sealed the houses of Herculaneum and their contents - Herculaneum’s lava was wet mud lava, which preserved wood and other materials not preserved at Pompeii (dry pumice) - Only ¼ of Herculaneum has been excavated (cost + relocating many people who live in apartment buildings surrounded the ancient site) - What happened to People of Herculaneum? - Wet mud lava preserved not only wood by also bone - Bodies and shapes of bodies were not found at Herculaneum until relatively recently, so was thought that all inhabitants escaped - In 1980s, 150 skeletons were discovered in groups along the beachfront (wet earth preserved bones) - Mud compressed when bodies were decomposed (unlike Pompeii) City Plan and Streets - Herculaneum - Regular plan (but civic and entertainment buildings not excavated yet) - Residential and commercial area (remains of streets but no stepping stones, amphora and thermopolia like Pompeii) Samnite House: Plan with Mosaics (2C BC) Herculaneum - Domus Italica type - Cella not opened to street (so not a shop) - Atrium of the house (with Impluvium) with cubicula (bedroom) one side - Staircase suggests that there was a well developed second story (added 62 - 79) - Verticalisation happened after the big earthquake
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Saint House: Atrium and Loggia (2C BC) Herculanium - Decorating a room to provide illusion of having a second story -
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