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Roman Architecture Lecture 2

Roman Architecture Lecture 2 - Rome BC founded by Romulus...

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Rome April 21, 753BC founded by Romulus Roman Forum used to be cemetery for residents of the 7 hills (esp. Palatine hills) - When the Romans begin to build architecture, they mix and match different areas’ architecture as they conquer different areas with a desire to build unique buildings and incorporate their own ideas of law, culture, religion etc. - Capitoline Hill: Religious structures (current structures designed by Michelangelo) - Hill was made of Tufa (took advantage of this natural resource as the pavement of the house) - Roughly rectangular with rounded corners (20 inches deep) - Holes in the Tufa to put wooden poles to support superstructure of wood (including roof) - Thatched sloping roof with wooden beams - Funeral hut urn in the shape of the hut (life & death) found in Forum (when used as a cemetery) for - Helmet funeral urn also found designed for men
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- Back of temple has a flat wall - Divided into 3 chambers (Cella) to honour the Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva [Two consorts]) - Staircase at the front with high podium - Frontal façade orientation with deep porch - Some dispute amongst scholars whether columns went all the way back - Wood for columns, mud brick for the walls, terracotta for sculptural decorations (Primitive materials) Temple of Jupiter OMC -
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