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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 11 11-1 Marketable securities may be either short-term or long-term investments. Short-term refers to intention, not to salability. 11-2 Trading securities are debt or equity securities that a company buys only with the intent to resell them shortly. Held-to- maturity securities are debt securities that the company purchases with the intent to hold them until they mature. Available-for-sale securities include all short-term investments that are not trading or held-to-maturity securities. 11-3 The market method is now routinely applied to investments in short-term securities classified as available for sale or trading securities. The cost method applies only to held-to- maturity debt securities. 11-4 No. This statement is true for trading securities, but not for available-for-sale securities (where the gain or loss is taken directly to an account in stockholders equity) or for held-to- maturity securities (where changes in market price are not reported). 11-5 Amortization of bond discount increases an investor's interest income. The payment of $1,000 at maturity includes return of the $950 invested plus $50 of interest. Amortization spreads this extra interest income over the life of the bond. 11-6 Investments of 20 to 50 percent of the shares of unconsolidated subsidiaries over which significant influence, but not control, is exercised are carried in the balance sheet at original cost plus the consolidated group's share of accumulated income since acquisition reduced by dividends received. This is called the equity method . 54 11-7 The equity method is usually appropriate for long-term investments where the investor has an ownership interest of 20 to 50 percent, because the owner would usually have the ability to exert significant influence over the investee. This method is also often used by the parent to account for majority-owned subsidiaries between financial statement preparation dates. 11-8 Under the equity method the investor recognizes income as it is earned by the investee and accounts for dividends as a reduction of the investment. Under the market method the investor recognizes income when cash dividends are paid by the investee. In addition, the market method adjusts carrying values to market. 11-9 A parent-subsidiary relationship exists when one corporation owns more than 50% of the outstanding voting shares of another corporation. 11-10 The reasons for establishing subsidiaries include limiting the liabilities in a risky venture, saving income taxes, conforming with government regulations with respect to a part of the business, doing business in a foreign country, and expanding in an orderly way. It is also often easier to sell or spin-off a subsidiary than an integrated part of the firm....
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course ACCT 151 taught by Professor Largay during the Spring '07 term at Lehigh University .
- Spring '07
- Financial Accounting