PSY393Ch13

PSY393Ch13 - Chapter 13-Humanism (Maslow &...

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24/03/2008 13:09:00 MASLOW - Human Motivation: A Hierarchical Theory Motivation     : reducing tension by satisfying deficit states or lacks o D-Needs:      deficiency needs, requirements for physiological survival or  safety. Ex.) Food or rest Metamotivation     : growth tendencies  o B-Needs:       being needs , drive to self-actualize and fulfill its inherent  potential. Push forward toward self-fulfillment. The goal is to enhance  life by enriching it. Hierarchy of Needs Physiological Needs:      physical survival-food/drink, sleep, oxygen, shelter, sex Safety Needs:      requirements for an orderly, stable and predictable world.  Children prefer structured routines and discipline Belonging and Love Needs:      seeks affectionate and intimate relationships with  other people, needing to feel part of various reference groups. Ex.) Family, neighborhood, gang, professional association Self-Esteem Needs:      two kinds of esteem needs Self-Respect:  competence, confidence, mastery, achievement,  independence, freedom Respect from Others:   recognition, acceptance, status, appreciation Self-Actualization Needs:      individual must have the courage to choose their own  unique way to fulfill their highest potential.  The Self-Actualizing Persons:  people who are ‘fulfilling themselves and doing  the best that they are capable of doing.’ Able to distinguish b/w the goal that  they are striving for and the means by which they are accomplishing it(p.351).  Less than 1% of population Peak Experience:   an intensification of any experience to the degree that there  sense of unity and meaningfulness in life. The experience lingers on to impact 
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PSY393Ch13 - Chapter 13-Humanism (Maslow &...

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