Radical Reconstruction The republicans mandate to encourage the Radicals to present a bigger agenda known as Radical Reconstruction. Reconstruction Act of March 1867 passed by President Johnson’s veto and divided the former confederate states into five military districts. Each state required to hold a constitutional convention and to draft a new state constitution. African Americans protected by federal troops would participate in the conventions, and the new constitutions would include provisions for black suffrage. The act also required newly elected state legislatures to ratify the fourth teen amendment as a condition for their readmission to the Union. Passage of the Reconstruction Act in March 1867 undercut the political and economic power of the planter class and fostered political activity among freed people. A massive and unprecedentedmovement of the freed people into the political arena followed.