ED 101 (PART II) INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE USE WRITING SKILLS.pdf

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ZAMBIAN OPEN UNIVERSITYSCHOOL OF EDUCATIONED 101(PART 11)INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE USE & WRITING SKILLSO. G. Nyirenda :Dip. Ed (Nkrumah), B.A. Ed. (UNZA), M.Ed. (UNZA)M Dube:B. A. Ed. (Andrews University, USA), M.A. (Egerton University, KenyaW. B. Simukonda:Dip. Ed. (Nkrumah), B. A. Ed. (UNZA), M. A. ELT (London)M. G. Simfukwe:Dip. Ed. (Nkrumah), B. A. Ed., M. A. Ed. (UNZA)First Edition 2015©ZAOUISBN
iiiTABLE OF CONTENTSCONTENTSPAGETable of Contents………………………………………………………………………………..iiEDG 1 (ED 101): INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE USE AND WRITING SKIILSviiCourse Outline…………………………………………………………………………………….viiiUNIT 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE……………………………………………11.1Introduction………………………………………………………………………………11.2Levels of English ……………………………………………………………………….11.3Formal English ………………………………………………………………………….21.4Informal English …………………………………………………………………………41.5The Standard English …………………………………………………………………71.6Spoken Versus Written English …………………………………………………9UNIT 2: THE SCOPE OF GRAMMAR………………………………………………………132.1Introduction………………………………………………………………………………132.2Parts of Speech……………………………………………………………………………142.2.1Nouns………………………………………………………………………………152.2.2Pronouns…………………………………………………………………………182.2.3Verbs………………………………………………………………………………232.2.4Adjectives………………………………………………………………………262.2.5Adverbs……………………………………………………………………………282.2.6Prepositions……………………………………………………………………312.2.7Conjunctions……………………………………………………………………322.2.8Interjections……………………………………………………………………352.3Parts of a Sentence………………………………………………………………………36
iv2.3.1Simple Subject and Simple Predicate………………………………362.3.2 CompleteSubject and Complete Predicate………………………372.3.3Compound Subject and Compound Predicate…………………372.3.4Complements…………………………………………………………………392.4 Sentence Patterns…………………………………………………………………………422.5Phrases and Clauses……………………………………………………………………452.6Clauses and Sentence Structure……………………………………………………492.7Four Kinds of Sentences………………………………………………………………532.8Sentence Fragments……………………………………………………………………562.9 Run-on Sentences…………………………………………………………………………57UNIT 3: WRITING AS A SKILL……………………………………………………………………593.1What Writing is About…………………………………………………………………593.2The Process of Writing…………………………………………………………………603.3Aims of Writing……………………………………………………………………………633.4Paragraph Development………………………………………………………………633.5 ParagraphUnity……………………………………………………………………………673.6Paragraph Length…………………………………………………………………………683.7Essays……………………………………………………………………………………………683.7.1Expository………………………………………………………………………703.7.2Persuasive………………………………………………………………………703.7.3 Descriptive………………………………………………………………………703.7.4Narrative…………………………………………………………………………703.8Business Writing……………………………………………………………………………713.8.1Business Letters…………………………..…………………………………72
v3.8.2Memos……………………………………………………………………………763.8.3Reports……………………………………………………………………………793.8.4Minutes of Meetings……………………………………….………………803.8.5Curriculum Vitae…………………………………………….………………82UNIT 4: PUNCTUATION, MECHANICS AND SPELLING………………………………874.1Introduction …………………………………………….…………………………………874.2Punctuation…………………………………………………………………………………874.2.1

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