POLI1001 Notes1 - Political Science 1001 Exam 1 Answered...

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Political Science 1001 Exam 1 Answered Study Guide Dr. C.L. Eubanks Ellen Carmichael What is the principle of subjectivity? a. Awareness of “self” as a separate entity from the whole; divides “I & you;” highly individualistic and sets us apart form the group; George Hegel explored this concept in the 19 th century b. Opinion as belonging to a single individual c. Estrangement What is political consciousness? d. the self-conscious, deliberate search for moral order and reason e. the movement to political consciousness is from tribal to individuated civilization What is the political significance of consciousness of self? f. Brings about the concepts of individual rights and conscience g. Develops personal ration and reason h. These values will become law i. Personal beliefs will influence society as a whole What are the characteristics of tribal or pre-modern societies? i. Banishment (exclusion from larger group) was seen as the worst punishment for insubordination j. Instinct and custom laws formed framework for society k. Kinship and family ties are essential
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What is the political significance of consciousness of others? l. Person realizes the importance of his/her obligations of citizenship m. Concept of duty What are the characteristics of individuated and modern societies? n. Concept of self o. Associational- ties to the world and those who surround person p. Most common environment- urban setting q. Most relationships are secular i. Driven by a purpose r. Norms and behavior become behavior and law s. Modern nations have some remnants of tribalism What does Max Weber mean by “traditional authority?” Rational/legal authority? Charismatic authority? t. Traditional Authority i. Legitimate power that can also be distinguished from brutal force ii. Sanctity of traditions iii. Legitimate leaders who rule because of and in the context of tradition iv. Chief/monarch/shaman/leader v. Tribal form of political system vi. Loyalty of subjects or citizens is due to tradition u. Regional/Legal Authority i. Normative rules are based on rationality
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1. Leaders are elevated to authority under these laws ii. Authority is legally established, impersonal and extends to people only by virtue of the offices they hold iii. Offices/positions divide power and duty iv. Modern, individuated form of society v. Charismatic Authority i. Combination of traditional and legal authorities ii. Always an emotional bond between leader and follower 1. Reason for bond varies, but it always exists iii. Leader may have extraordinary and heroic qualities that draws followers to him/her iv. Followers maintain devotion to leader v. Examples include: 1. Adolf Hitler 2. Napoleon Bonaparte 3. Yasser Arafat 4. Martin Luther King, Jr. 5. Jimmy Swaggert vi. Charismatic leaders often formulate their own rules vii. Charismatic leadership is often unstable and unable to produce a proper successor Routinization of Charisma- theory of Weber; dealt with understanding and functions of charismatic authority of leaders; it was an attempt to institutionalize charismatic authority
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