History ID Terms - Minoans Cnossus Mycenae Homer Iliad...

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Minoans Cnossus Mycenae Homer Iliad Athens Sparta polis City Dionysia Cleisthenes Lysistrata Aristophanes Pericles Athenian assembly democracy oligarchy hoplite Persian Wars Battle of Marathon Peloponnesian Wars Delian League Plato Aristotle Alexander the Great culture that originated circa 2000 BC; palace-based; peaceful; female goddesses; Linear A writing; supposed ancestors of Greek civilization location of grand palace of Minoans, political and economic center of society; taken by Myceneans in 1450 BC, left in ashes after later violence founded by about 1650 BC, society forged from many different peoples; Linear B; other ancestors of classical Greek civilization; dominated by rich, powerful elite; warrior-like; demanded tribute from lesser towns; palace-based told epic stories of heroes and gods; no written accounts by Homer himself, purely oral tradition; possibly more than one person; wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey; stories reflected classical Greek society Homer's epic masterpiece; story of the Trojan War, waged between the Myceneans (called the Aegeans in the tale) and the city of Troy; underlying story is feud between Achilles and Aegean king Agamemnon; only when Achilles put aside his huberis was he able to defeat his archrival, Hector first published code of law of Athenian polis published in 621 BC, aristocratic government; democracy established by Cleisthenes in 508 BC; society that valued the arts and philosophy; possibly best example of early democracy, helped to establish Athenian empire (478-431 BC) militaristic Greek city-state; almost complete opposite of Athens; when faced problem of overpopulation, turned to conquest instead of colonization; all boys were taken away from their families to serve in the military, no emphasis on family unit at all; did not concentrate much on philosophy or the arts basic political and institutional unit of Classical Greece; in a loose sense, basically meant city-state (I.e. Athens was a polis); consists of a town that has grown up around a palace; appeared first during the late Mycenean time period; each polis was independent of each other, no nations, however many forged alliances festival for dramas held in Athens; held in mid-March for tragedies; 3 playwrights wrote 3 tragedies each, competition to see who was the best; took place just before campaign season, so was ideal spot for playwrights to make political statements; was the festival at which Lysistrate, by Aristophanes, was debuted emerged victor of a struggle among aristocrats or power in Athens, established first Athenian democracy with consent of people in 621 BC; reorganized state but sought approval from the Assembly for every reform comedy written by Aristophanes in 411 BC; involves female characters, led by Lysistrata, taking over the acropolis and refusing to have sex with the males until they end the war; presumedly an anti-war drama, as it came out during the Peloponnesian War and generally pokes fun at the absurdity of warfare
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 141 taught by Professor Crowston during the Spring '06 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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History ID Terms - Minoans Cnossus Mycenae Homer Iliad...

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