History ID Terms - Midterm 2 - 100 Years' War Albigensian...

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100 Years’ War Albigensian Crusade Alexius Battle of Crecy Black Death Charlemagne Charles Martel comitatus Clovis Carolingian Renaissance Abbey of Cluny Crusades 3rd Crusade
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Domesday Book feudalism Five Pillars of Islam fief Flagellant Movement Franks Frederick Barbarossa Gothic style Great Schism Gregory VII Innocent III Investiture Controversy
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Jerusalem Koran (Qur’an) Pepin’s Donation Pope Leo IX Pope Urban II Pope Gregory Louis XI Magna Carta Magyars Manorialism Muhammad Ninth Century Invasions Pasteurella Pestis Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 People’s Crusade Peter Abelard
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Philip Augustus Richard Lionheart Saint Ambrose Saint Jerome Saladin Salic Law scholasticism simony Saint Thomas Aquinas three field system three orders of society University of Paris (the Sorbonne) vassal Vikings
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Visigoths War of the Roses
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Officially started in 1337 when Philip VI confiscated the duchy of Aquitaine. Edward III perceived this as a violation of the Treaty of Paris (signed in 1259). Edward also proclaimed that since he was the eldest descendant of the former monarch Philip the Fair, and should be the monarch of France (basically rejecting the French barons' decision that he was not a part of the French monarchy). The war was fought almost entirely in France geographically, but also played out in everyday life. Sermons by clergy were adjusted to be more patriotic, propaganda was abundant in the written word of both countries. Early on the English dominated with their longbows and cannons, though the French later rallied around a young peasant girl, Joan of Arc, who single-handedly saved the French monarchy. The English later bought her from the Burgundians (their allies), tried her for witchcraft, and burned her at the stake. The war, coupled with the outbreak of the plague, resulted in a tremendous loss of life in Europe, along with the destruction of the French countryside. On the positive side, representation and democracy became more prevalent during the war as Edward III realized he would need money from the people to finance the war, and they used this influence to have a greater say in the government. In 1208, Pope Innocent III called for a crusade against the Albigensians, a heretical sect in southern France. The Albigensians rejected orthodox doctrine on the relationship of God and man, the sacraments, and clerical hierarchy. Fearing civil disorder due to religious division, the French monarchy joined in this crusade. The Albingensians suffered a savage defeat to the French under Count Simon de Montfort at Muret in 1213. This, coupled with other crusades against various emperors and groups, led to the damaging of papal credibility, as they clearly did not sponsor peace as they claimed to. Byzantine emperor who, in 1092, appealed to western Europe for help defending Constantinople and the Byzantine empire from the Turks,
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 141 taught by Professor Crowston during the Spring '06 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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History ID Terms - Midterm 2 - 100 Years' War Albigensian...

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