The Quiz over the Secession documents

The Quiz over the Secession documents - THE QUIZ OVER THE...

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THE QUIZ OVER THE SECESSION DOCUMENTS. In this quiz, I am looking for evidence that you have read these documents carefully and are paying attention to how the authors construct their arguments--i.e. what evidence they use to prove their points. Take notes (you may write on the documents) outlining what evidence they use to make their cases justifying secession and explaining what the Confederacy is about. 1. What, specifically, do they argue about the nature of slavery and African Americans and what evidence do they use to support their arguments? They appeal to history, to science, to religion, and to Enlightenment thought. Be sure you know how they use each of these things. 2. They have a list of grievances regarding the north--pay attention to what those are as well. What things have the non-slaveholding states done to make slave-holding states feel persecuted? What specific ideas and events to they point to in order to justify leaving the Union? Be sure you know these all of things and you'll do well on the quiz. If you don't prepare for this quiz, you will not do well on it. Preparation does not mean skimming over these documents, but rather reading them carefully and paying close attention to what these historical actors say. On March 21, 1861, Confederate Vice-President Alexander Stephans, of Georgia, gave an extemporaneous speech at the Athenium in Savannah. No "official" version of the speech exists, but it was transcribed by several newspaper reporters and printed in several newspapers. Because of the length of the speech, we give first an extract, the so-called "cornerstone" section of the speech, followed by a link to the entire document. I am indebted to Justin Sanders and Ed Frank for sending me photocopies of the speech from the Encyclopedia of the Confederacy, and to Joe Hartley for scanning it in. Cornerstone Speech Savannah; Georgia, March 21, 1861
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But not to be tedious in enumerating the numerous changes for the better, allow me to allude to one other -- though last, not least. The new constitution has put at rest, forever, all the agitating questions relating to our peculiar institution -- African slavery as it exists amongst us -- the proper status of the negro in our form of civilization. This was the immediate cause of the late rupture and present revolution. Jefferson in his forecast, had anticipated this, as the "rock upon which the old Union would split." He was right. What was conjecture with him, is now a realized fact. But whether he fully comprehended the great truth upon which that rock stood and stands, may be doubted. The prevailing ideas entertained by him and most of the leading statesmen at the time of the formation of the old constitution, were that the enslavement of the African was in violation of the laws of nature; that it was wrong in principle, socially, morally, and politically. It was an evil they knew not well how to deal with, but the general opinion of the men of that day was that, somehow or other in the order of Providence, the institution would be evanescent and
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course HIST 2010 taught by Professor Osburn during the Fall '07 term at TN Tech.

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The Quiz over the Secession documents - THE QUIZ OVER THE...

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