WEEK 5.docx - WEEK 5 Read: Gideon & Sung: Chapters 9 – 10...

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WEEK 5Read: Gideon & Sung:Chapters 9 – 10CHAPTER 9 Community Reintegration of Violentand Sexual Offenders:Issues and Challenges forCommunity Risk ManagementPatrick LussierMelissa DahabiehNadine Deslauriers-VarinChris ThomsonAbout 20 years ago, a paradigm shift occurred in the criminal justice responseto adult offenders. The “new penology” marked a systematic change in themain functions and objectives of the criminal justice system (Feeley & Simon,1992). Rather than rehabilitation or punishment, correctional practicesemphasized the identification and management of dangerous populations.People convicted of violent or sexual crimes have been regarded as high-riskpopulations for which legal and penal measures already in place were notconsidered sufficient to protect the community. The “community protection”model emerged as a result of a combination of factors: pressure from thevictims' rights movement, the perceived inability to control violent and sexualcrimes, and doubts regarding the impact of treatment programs for offenderscommitting these crimes. As a result, a series of risk management mechanismsemerged to deal with violent and sexual offenders. This chapter highlightsissues and challenges in the application of the community risk managementmodel of high-risk sex offenders.POLICING VIOLENT AND SEXUAL OFFENDERSThe Specificity of Violent and Sexual OffendersThe criminal justice system's response to violent offenders and sexual offenders has taken severalforms over recent years. In addition to traditional criminal justice measures already in place,policymakers have proposed a series of specific measures to facilitate the risk management ofthese offenders. The need to implement specific measures to address the risk of reoffending isbased on one core assumption about violent and sexual offenders and three related assumptionsabout their offending. The assumption of an offender's specificity has been used by criminaljustice system to propose, develop, and implement specific measures to deal with violent and
sexual offenders. The assumption ofspecificitystipulates that the underlying mechanismsresponsible for violent and sexual offending are different from those of other offenders, whichexplains the need for a differential approach. Interestingly, this crucial aspect of policydevelopment has been largely ignored by researchers. Prospective longitudinal studies havefailed to find empirical support suggesting that violent offenders are significantly different fromnonviolent chronic offenders (Piquero, Farrington, & Blumstein, 2003). Therefore, the samemechanisms responsible for frequent, repetitive offending may also explain the tendency tocommit a violent crime. To date, only one empirical study has tested this assumption for sexoffenders and did not find strong empirical support for the assumption of offender specificity(Lussier, LeBlanc, & Proulx, 2005), suggesting that the mechanisms responsible for their

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Term
Spring
Professor
Vallerie Williamson
Tags
Criminal Justice, Correctional Health Care

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