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The old south and slavery

The old south and slavery - OUTLINE SLAVERY AND THE OLD...

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OUTLINE: SLAVERY AND THE OLD SOUTH Click here for lecture notes Free soil argument-don’t care about slaves hardship-problem with slavery is it degrades free labor. No wages. Cant quit. Conditions of labor. I. The Old South refers to the period between 1790s & 1860 when gradually, Southerners develop a self- conscious identity as members of a distinctive region A. The distinctiveness of the Old South--Slavery! Slavery is fading everywhere else. Is gone from the north. By 1808 transatlantic slavetrade down. In Europe slavery is condemned. 1. Uphold an institution that is fading everywhere else B. The Economy of the Old South--based on slavery is enormously profitable 1. textiles- high demand for cotton more than half of export by 1860. 2. technology - new cotton land open up- cotton gin. Indians gone so spill onto Indian lands. 3. removal C. Expansion of the institution of slavery and resulting wealth 1. Population figures for slaves 1790-1810 70 % increase in # of slaves. 1810-1860 slaves # actually triple- natural icrease of slave children-marriage and rape. By covered half of American territory. 3 times more money in slavery. South has most wealth and capital. 2. Geographic expansion of slaves 3. Economic value of slaves 4. Who is the richest? II. The Social and Political Structures of the Old South A. Southern Soc Structure: a pyramid 1. Slaveholders: Planters and Otherwise about1/4 of population owns slaves. This is down 36%. a. slaveholders and social mobility is shrinking. Planters are finding it harder. Potential for class conflict b. whose a planter? Have more than 20 slaves. About 10% minority of minority 1% own more than 100. c. small slaveholders 1-20 slaves majority have less than 5 slaves . 2. The yeomen farmers Don’t have slaves but they own their land. Land ownership is respected. Grow food as well as cotton. Links to others with slave. 3. Professionals Lawyers doctors merchants and artisans most of business is however linked to the slave trade 4. Landless whites 25% of population. No land often tenant farmers White trash idea actually even lower on class. They’re tolerated. Often Irish or immigrants.
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5. Free blacks- after revolution some man.dated their slaves. some artisans and well off. some times they own slaves them elves.t great awakening religious movement. Bottom of heap most are share croppers. Whites worry will be uppity B. Southern politics: Aristocracy, Slavery, and Class Conflict 1. Aristocracy and yeomen: political ties planters owe elections to the farmers. Have to keep yomen from rising up against them. 2. Class conflict over slavery: Low social mobility. Keep tight reign on who can enter higher class. a. social mobility very low restricted trades b. the slave trade c. the race card With poor whites at least they are white. 3. The pro-slavery argument 1830s-slavery good thing founding fathers necessary evil. Developed
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The old south and slavery - OUTLINE SLAVERY AND THE OLD...

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