biol 103 lab study guide

biol 103 lab study guide - Human Anatomy Study Guide...

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Human Anatomy Study Guide (Revised Spring 08) TABLE OF CONTENTS Anatomical Terminology ……………………………………………. . 2 The Human Skeleton ……………………………………………. . 2-8 The Muscular System ……………………………………………. . 8-11 The Digestive System ……………………………………………. . 11-13 The Respiratory System ……………………………………………. . 13 The Urinary System ……………………………………………. . 14 The Reproductive System ……………………………………………. . 14-16 The Cardiovascular System ……………………………………………. . 16-18 The Nervous System ……………………………………………. . 18-20 The Endocrine System ………………………. .…………………… 21
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2 BASIC ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY Body Positions anatomical position supine position prone position Directional Terms superior inferior medial lateral cranial caudal proximal distal anterior posterior deep superficial ventral dorsal Planes and Sections sagittal frontal transverse Body Landmarks Upper extremity brachial antebrachial antecubital Lower extremity femoral crural sural fibular plantar Other landmarks orbital ocular oral buccal axillary acromial gluteal patellar popliteal Other landmarks cephalic cervical thoracic lumbar sacral Other landmarks abdominal pubic THE HUMAN SKELETON Skeletal Terms foramen [A] fissure [A] fossa [A] [A] = Opening or depression facet [B] condyle [B] head [B] [B] = Articular process tuberosity [C] tubercle [C] trochanter [C] epicondyle [C] [C] = Point of attachment long bone short bone flat bone irregular bone sesamoid bone
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The Structure of a Long Bone spongy bone diaphysis compact bone epiphysis (proximal & distal) medullary cavity Bone and Cartilage Histology (know on the microscope slides) Compact Bone – osteon Haversian (central) canal osteocytes canaliculi lamella Hyaline Cartilage – chondrocytes matrix material The Appendicular Skeleton The Pectoral Girdle clavicle - sternal end acromial end conoid tubercle know left from right scapula - superior border acromion process subscapular fossa lateral border coracoid process know left from right medial border glenoid cavity superior angle spine inferior angle supraspinous fossa suprascapular notch infraspinous fossa Arm, Forearm and Hand (brachium, antebrachium, hand) humerus - head of humerus surgical neck capitulum anatomical neck deltoid tuberosity olecranon fossa greater tubercle lateral epicondyle radial fossa lesser tubercle medial epicondyle coronoid fossa intertubercular groove trochlea know left from right (sulcus) ulna - olecranon process radial notch know left from right trochlear notch head of ulna coronoid process styloid process radius - head of radius styloid process know left from right radial tuberosity ulnar notch hand - pisiform scaphoid capitate triquetral trapezium h amate lunate trapezoid metacarpals
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biol 103 lab study guide - Human Anatomy Study Guide...

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