ISS Final Exam SC Cases - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Marbury v Madison(1803(Judicial Review Marbury and several others were appointed to government posts but they

ISS Final Exam SC Cases - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Marbury v...

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Supreme Court Cases on Study Guide 1. Marbury v. Madison(1803) : (Judicial Review) Marbury and several others were appointed to government posts, but they were never finalized. They invoked an act of Congress and sued for their jobs in the Supreme Court. The court ruled 6-0 in favor of Madison. They said that when the constitution conflicts with an act of the legislature, that act is invalid. **This case established the Supreme Court’s power of judicial review** 2. Wisconsin v. Yoder : (Amish don’t have to attend school past 8 th grade) Amish argued that high school attendance was contrary to their religious beliefs. Does requiring kids to go to school violate their 1 st amendment rights? SC ruled 7-0 in favor of Yoder, the court held that individual’s interest in the free exercise of religion under the 1 st Amendment outweighed the State’s interests in compelling school attendence beyond the 8 th grade. 3. Engel v. Vitale , 1962 : (Prayer at beginning of school, establishment clause with religion) Board of Regents for New York authorized a short voluntary prayer at start of each school day. Does it violate establishment clause of 1 st amendment? SC ruled 6-1 in favor of Engel, saying that it does violate it. Even though it is voluntary and nondenominational, it is still unconstitutional. By providing the prayer, NY officially approved religion. 4. Murray v. Curlett : Baltimore statute required bible-reading or the recitation of the Lord’s prayer at open exercises in public schools. Murray and mother were atheists, and challenged the prayer requirement. (Murray and Schempp were combined into 1 case/ruling) Did Pennsylvania law and Abington’s policy violate religious freedoms of students, guaranteed by the 1 st and 14 th amendments? SC ruled 8-1 in favor of Schempp and Murray, stating that the required activities encroached on both the Free Exercise Clause and the Establishment Clause of the 1 st amendment. 5. Abington School District v. Schempp : (Establishment Clause. Bible reading, lords prayer) Bible reading in Pennsylvania schools. Beginning of day, students were required to read at least 10 versus and recite the Lord’s prayer. (Murray and Schempp were combined into 1 case/ruling) Did Pennsylvania law and Abington’s policy violate religious freedoms of students, guaranteed by the 1 st and 14 th amendments? SC ruled 8- 1 in favor of Schempp and Murray, stating that the required activities encroached on both the Free Exercise Clause and the Establishment Clause of the 1 st amendment. 6. Westside School District v. Mergens : ( Christian school club is okay!) School denied permission to a group of students to form a Christian club with the same privileges and meeting terms as others in the school. Was this against the Equal Access Act, or was the denial consistent with the Establishment Clause, making the for mentioned unconstitutional. SC ruled 8-1 in favor of Mergens, distinguishing between curriculum and noncurriculum student groups. Since other clubs were allowed, it was prohibited,

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