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Outline jacksonian

Outline jacksonian - Outline Jacksonian Democracy National...

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Outline: Jacksonian Democracy: National v. State's Rights and the Second Party System Lecture notes are linked into the titles below I. Jackson's Presidency A. Andrew Jackson & the Election of 1824: The Corrupt Bargain B. Jackson's Presidency, 1828 1. Nationalism and slavery the Nullification Crisis The South Carolina Exposition & Protest, 1828 2.. States Rights and economics Bank Wars Indian Removal: The Supreme Court and the Trail of Tears II. Jacksonian Democracy: The Second Party System A. Expansion of Suffrage B. Popular Party Politics--expansion of political activities C. Mass campaigns w/ popular appeal D. During Jackson's 2nd term, the opposition party started calling themselves the Whigs III. Ideologies and Interests: Democrats V. Whigs A. Class interests: Whigs and Democrats and the market revolution B. Ethno-cultural issues: 1. Democrats 2. Whigs C. Anti-Masonry 1. Rituals of elites 2. The case of William Morgan 3. A working class party 4. Co-opted by Whigs D. African Americans E. Whigs' political successes were few 1. William Henry Harrison 2. John Tyler 3. Henry Clay in 1844 4. Zachary Taylor in 1848 (whom we will discuss later) IV. Third parties—were abundant in this era--mostly working class parties--mostly local & of short duration 1. The Workingman's Party a. constituency b. platform c. demise and legacy SUMMARY: Jacksonian politics saw several important trends:
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1. extension of franchise--more voters & more eligible voters voting 2. rise of popular political parties—fierce party loyalty is part of this 3. formation of new party alliances with rise of the Whigs and 3 rd parties 4. class & ethno-cultural conflict playing a role in parties like never before a . this had serious ramifications for the coming of the Civil War I. JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY: Andy Jackson and the Presidency A.. Andrew Jackson & the Election of 1824 1. Andy Jackson as a person: a. Jackson not really a common man: he did come to TN with no $ or support in 1788, and set up as a lawyer; became a wealthy plantation owner in rough lands along the Natchez Trace b. was a military hero, fought “5 Civilized Tribes” in War of 1812 & was hero of Battle of New Orleans which ended the war c. his temperament was imperious & un-democratic man—called “Old Hickory” b/ c he was unbending with a touchy sense of honor--fought numerous duels d. served in house & senate only briefly—had little political experience e. BUT: he represented the pioneer spirit for Americans 2. In 1824 election, all candidates were of Democratic-Republican Party--but party very disunited a. Jackson, Adams, Crawford, Clay all ran b. Jackson ran as national hero & one opposed to traditional politics c. he won the popular vote 3. he also won most electoral votes--99 to Adams 84-- but since no candidate had majority, it went to House (under provisions of 12th Amendment) a. and a deal was struck: b. Henry Clay (who absolutely hated Jack) threw his support to Adams & then became Secretary of State (surprise!) 4. Jack decried this as a "corrupt bargain" since he had most of the popular vote and electoral votes as well a. Jackson carried a grudge about this for years!
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