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College of Business Education1stSemester, A.Y. 2021-2022MODULE 4The Global Interstate SystemINTRODUCTIONDATE AND TIME ALLOTMENTSept. 22, 24, 2020/ 3 hrs.I. INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMESDiagnosticsInstructions:WriteAGREEif you think the statement is correct; otherwise, writeDISAGREE._____________1. The Human Rights Watch is an international advocacy organization._____________2. Internationalism and internationalization are two similar ideas._____________3. The Asia Pacific Economic Forum is an intergovernmental organization (IGO)._____________4. The United Nations Children’s Fund is an IGO that addresses worldwide health._____________5. The internet is responsible for paving the way for the development of new communicationnetworks.II. LECTUREWhat isSTATE?What isNATION?NATION-STATEThis module analyzes the dynamics of transnational cooperation and how governments are affected byglobalization.It is the whole system of human interactions. The modern world-system is structured politically as aninterstate system – a system of competing and allying states. Political Scientists commonly call this theinternational system, and it is the main focus of the field of International Relations.At the end of this module, you are expected to:1.explain the effects of globalization on nation-states;2.categorize the institutions that govern international relations; and3.Differentiate internationalism from globalism.Astateis a polity under a system of governance. Weber (1997) describes thestateas a compulsorypolitical organization with a centralized government that maintains the legitimate use of force within a certainterritory.Anationis a large body of people united by common descent, history, culture, or language, inhabiting aparticular country or territory. The concept ofnationemphasizes the organic ties that hold groups of people togetherand inspire a sense of loyalty and belonging—i.e., ethnicity, language, religion, and others (Schattle, 2014).Nation-Statedefined as a political community that emanates from civic society to legitimately executepeace. Thus, the civic society is the basis of the people’s oneness.ANation-Stateis the idea of a homogenous nation governed by its own sovereign state—where each statecontains one nation. This idea is almost never achieved.
Through some scholars likeAppaduralandOhmaeclaim that globalization has superseded the individual functionand jurisdiction of nation-states, this is still arguable. In fact, they still play vital roles in the way globalizationestablishes a borderless world.Nation-statescan manipulate competitive advantages with international and political issues, transnationalcivil society organizations, and multinational companies. On the other hand, they are also accountable for a host ofinternational norms and standards, find themselves in subordinate positions to protect their economy, and face newkinds of pressures of supranational integration and focus of local fragmentation (Schattle, 2014).

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Term
Fall
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Tags
United Nations, Globalization, European Union, World Trade Organization, IGO

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