Notes on Existence - when we think these thoughts exist by...

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Existence- What exists must have always existed and will always exist by virtue of the fact that it exists. Something could not have come from nothing, what is did not arrive from what is not, so what is must have always, and will always exist. By virtue of this, what is cannot be further created or destroyed, and everything we see is an illusion. New things do not arise; nothing dies or is birthed; there is only one existence that is unchanged and will be unchanged forever. What exists is located in a sphere, because a sphere is the only shape that is uniform and equal in all locations. This sphere is stationary; what exists cannot travel into what does not exist, by definition. This substance that is, is uniform, continuous, and unchanging forever. What is not is not part of existence and surrounds the sphere of existence, the one being in emptiness. That which does not exist will never exist and has never existed; it the opposite of what exists. It is nothingness, it cannot even be thought of, because
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Unformatted text preview: when we think these thoughts exist by virtue of us thinking them. What is not is therefore incomprehensible. 4. Similarity + Difference The way up and the way down are one and the same. The sea is the purest and impurest water. Fish can drink it, and it is good for them; to men it is undrinkable and destructive. Difference This is the duality of all things; that the sea is good and bad, helpful and detrimental. This shows how all things are related and in flux- the way up is the same as the down; the two paths come together as one. The first is two things becoming one. Similarities. The second is one thing becoming two- duality. Both show how all is not what it seems, that nothing is clear cut and everything has an opposite. Both fragments deal with opposites, the first the way of travel, the second the effects of the sea. These fragments show that opposing forces are constantly at war...
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