Social and Psychological Development in Late Adulthood Lecture - Social and Psychological Development in Late Adulthood Chapter 18 Robert S Feldman

Social and Psychological Development in Late Adulthood Lecture

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Social and Psychological Social and Psychological Development in Late Adulthood Development in Late Adulthood Chapter 18 Chapter 18 Robert S. Feldman Robert S. Feldman
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Personality Development and Personality Development and Successful Aging Successful Aging
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Continuity and Change in Personality Continuity and Change in Personality Fundamental continuity to personality Profound social environmental changes throughout adulthood may produce fluctuations and changes in personality Some discontinuities in development
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Erik Erikson Erik Erikson Ego-integrity vs. despair Process of looking back over one’s life, evaluating it, and coming to terms with it Integrity Comes when people feel they have realized and fulfilled the possibilities that have come their way Despair Occurs when people feel dissatisfied with their life, and experience gloom, unhappiness, depression, anger, or the feeling that they have failed
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Robert Peck Robert Peck Personality development in elderly people is occupied by three major developmental tasks or challenges Redefinition of identity as different from occupation (self versus preoccupation with work role) Body transcendence versus body preoccupation Ego transcendence versus ego preoccupation
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Daniel Levinson Daniel Levinson Final Season: The Winter of Life People enter late adulthood by passing through transition stage, around 60-65 View themselves as being “old” Recognize stereotypes and loss of power and respect Serve as resources to younger individuals Discover new freedom to do things for simple sake of enjoyment and pleasure
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Bernice Neugarten Bernice Neugarten Four different personality types in people in their 70s: Disintegrated and disorganized Passive-dependent personalities Defended personalities Integrated personalities
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Life Review and Reminiscence Life Review and Reminiscence Triggered by increasingly obvious prospect of one’s death Provides better understanding of past Resolves lingering problems and conflicts Leads to sense of sharing, mutuality, and feeling of interconnectedness with others
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Age Stratification Theory Age Stratification Theory Age stratification is the unequal distribution of scarce resources based on one’s age In western societies, power and prestige for the elderly have eroded, so they are seen as lacking and no longer productive members of society.
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