PSC100 - 1) According to the authors, can we opt out of...

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1) According to the authors, can we opt out of politics? Why or why not? -- we cannot avoid politics -international (conflict in Middle East) -national (who wins in 2008 election) -local (economic decisions of local leaders) -personal (relationships at work affecting our job) -authors definition the formulation and execution of our decisions that are binding on the community. The relationship between those who make or implement decisions and those who are affected by them. 2) What objects are the subjects of study in political science? -POLITICS Institutions/ state govt. / processes/ citizens communities/ ideas/ interests. 3) What is the difference between a community and a society? What are the characteristics of each? How are they distinct? --COMMUNITY AND SOCIETY -politics involves the study of human interaction in groups or collectives. -what is the difference between a community and a society -often used interchangeably, but are distinct. --COMMUNITIES -smaller, more homogenous -conservative holds to shred beliefs, welfare of members is important to whole. -collections based on shared or common interests/ traits. -ex. Family, neighborhood -may exist within a larger society --SOCIETY -Larger, diverse collectives -Fewer shared values, norms - Less personal -may be composed of multiple communities. Can have societies without communities. -societies may lack community. 4) What are the notion of and a state? What are the characteristics of each? --NATION AND STATE
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-societies and communities exist in places -territoriality association with a community or society to particular place. -foundation for govt. -communities and societies may not be adequate enough to handle conflict, allocating resources, so govt. forms the state. --NATION VS. STATE -Nation People sharing common descent, language, religion, history, customs, traditions. -State Governing structure or institutions that control territory. -States have jurisdiction over people/ places -Nations usually, but need not share territory (a Jewish nation) -States may include several nations (Belgium, Canada) -nation-State conjunction of territory/ people with a state. -SOURCES OF CONFLICT -Competition between nations for control of state and self rule (Northern Ireland) -Competition within a state (civil war) -Competition between states for control of territory (Middle East) -Interests of nation across states (Muslim Jihad) -CONFLICT -Requires some degree of control, order or regularity. -Communities/ societies may take care of internal conflict. -Govt. resolves conflict -Ability to resolve conflict requires control --FORCE vs. Legitimacy -Force “might makes right” –do not have to convince -But, is expensive, requires constant enforcement -Force is overcome with force -Legitimacy: once established is inexpensive -Legitimacy can’t always be relied on GOVT NEEDS BOTH POWER AND AUTHORTY IN ORDER TO EFFECTIVELY GOVERN -OBLIGATION AND LEGITIMACY -Why do individuals obey rules?
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1) Obligation sense that it is the correct, right thing to do. 2) Fear of reprisal (cost/benefit)
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PSC100 - 1) According to the authors, can we opt out of...

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