PSC 101 reveiw

PSC 101 reveiw - Interest group-What is an interest...

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Interest group -What is an interest group? -An organization of people with shared policy groups -Participants in policy process -Types of interest Groups -Public interest groups -Members who join group -EX. NRA, Criria Club, SADD -Private interest groups -Business -Labor unions -EX. UAW- better wages and benefits/ AFLCIO -Professional associations -EX. AMA No limits, ABA More limits -Non-profit organization -Heritage foundation conservative thinking -Brookings Institute Liberal thinking -Center for responsive politics -State and Local govt. -Expansion of the Interest group system -After civil war (1865-1885) -formation of agricultural associations and labor unions -Grange frames against the railroads -American federation of labor -Progressive Era (1890-1917) -foundation of broad based organization -American farm Bureau federation -National Audubon society -National association of manufacturing -1960’s-1980’s -Formation of more specialized groups -American soybean association -National corn growers association -Largest expansion of interest group system -1960’s-1970’s public interest groups -1980’s Business/ economic interest groups -Today business and economic groups have largest presence **Pie chart Trade decreased from 1959-1995 but still largest. 1959 interest groups less than 1995 -Why do people join interest groups? -Disturbance theory (Truman 1950’s) -People with shared interests rise up in response to an infringement on their rights -Collective Action Dilemma (Olsen 1965) -Public goods -Free riders -Selective or material incentives
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-By-product-theory -Group theory -Olsen Joining because of material benefits. Isn’t logical to join interest groups. One can just free ride without an interest group. -Benefits people receive from joining groups -Material (or selective) benefits -Purposive or policy benefits -private or social benefits **-Benefits of joining AARP -Information 26% -Social reasons 5% -Gaining access and influencing policy outcomes -Groups have 3 commodities at their disposal -Ideological supporters (public interest groups) -Information (all) -Money (business groups) How do groups influence policy outcomes? -Grassroots lobbying (outside strategy)
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PSC 101 reveiw - Interest group-What is an interest...

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