Psych Review Sheet

Psych Review Sheet - Psych Review Sheet CH. 1-Four areas of...

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Unformatted text preview: Psych Review Sheet CH. 1-Four areas of focus in health psychology 1) Health promotion and maintenance 2) Prevention and Treatment of illness 3) Etiology (cause) and Correlations of health, illness and dysfunction-Smoking and illness-exercise and healthy body 4) Improving the health care system and formulating a Health Policy- Contemporary viewpoint of mind, body, relationship-Despite criticisms of early views, it did lay groundwork for current holistic view.-Physical health is interwoven with psychological and social environment.-ALL conditions of health and disease are interwoven in this way.-The mind and the body cannot be separated in matter of health and illness. Look in book -Impact of Epidemiology-The field of epidemiology is closely related to health psychology.-Epidemiology is the study of the -frequency-distribution-causes-of infectious and noninfectious disease in a population, based on an investigation of the physical and social environment.-Morbidity and Mortality Morbidity number of cases of a disease that exist at some given point of time. Incidence number of NEW cases at a given time (NEW) Prevalence total number of existing cases at a given time. (TOTAL) Mortality number of deaths due to particular cause. -Biopsychosocial vs. Biomedical Models-Models of health Care: Biopsychosocial Model Focuses on the system Fundamental assumption: Health and illness are consequences of the interplay of Biological Psychological Social factors-Advantages of Biopsychosocial Model Macro level processes Psychological and social factors (social support, depression) are determinants of health, just as micro level processes are. Multiple factors Involved in health and illness. Mind and body cannot be distinguished in matters of health and illness. Emphasis on both health and illness-Clinical implications The process of diagnosis must consider the interaction of (1) biological, (2) psychological, and (3) social factors. Recommendations for treatment must also consider these three factors. This means that therapy is targeted to an individual The relationship between the patient and the health care practitioner is important in the effectiveness of care.-Summary Health habits can be understood only within the patients psychological and social context. Biological, psychological, and social factors all contribute to recovery when a person is ill. Example: High-powered 40-year-old executive has a heat attack. How would both models approach this problem?-Models of health Care: Biomedical Model Focus on illness Dominant model for the past 300 years All illness can be explained on the basis of aberrant somatic processes....
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Psych Review Sheet - Psych Review Sheet CH. 1-Four areas of...

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