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Exam #3 Notes & Tables

Exam #3 Notes & Tables - Symptom Food Sources Vitamin D...

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The Water-Soluble Vitamins Vitamin & Chief Function Deficiency Symptom Toxicity Symptom Food Sources Folate - Activates Vitamin B12, helps synthesize DNA for new cell growth Anemia, elevated homocysteine Masks vitamin B12 deficiency Legumes, vegetables, fortified grain products Vitamin B12 - Activates folate, helps synthesize DNA for new cell growth, protects nerve cells Anemia, nerve damage, paralysis None reported Food Derived from Animals The Fat-Soluble Vitamins Vitamin & Chief Function Deficiency Symptom Toxicity
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Unformatted text preview: Symptom Food Sources Vitamin D- Mineralization of bones (Raises blood calcium & phosphorus by increasing absorption, withdrawing calcium from bones, stimulating retention by kidneys) Rickets, Osteomalacia Calcium imbalance Synthesized in body with help of Sunshine, fortified milk Vitamin K- Synthesis of blood-clotting proteins and bone proteins Hemorrhage None Known Synthesized in body by GI bacteria / leafy green vegetables Figure 12-12 Calcium Balance (P. 401)...
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