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1 Depression in Adolescents Alex-Clarshiaa Champ Master of Social Work, Walden University SOCW 6111: Advanced Clinical Practice I Kimberly Bainguel August 06, 2021
2 Depression in Adolescents Across the world, adolescents are facing numerous issues and problems. The adolescent population is between childhood and adulthood, usually between 10 and 19 years old (Sawyer et al., 2018). Adolescence is considered the transition phase and includes biological growth and social role transitions. Individuals in this phase endure a lot due to unprecedented social forces, such as social media, school, and relationships (Sawyer et al., 2018). Adolescents are also exposed to many other external and internal factors, either genetic, psychological, or environmental. These risk factors may play a role in them becoming overwhelmed or stressed, which causes anxiety and depression. Major depressive disorder, the medical terminology for depression, is one of the most frequent psychiatric disorders that children and adolescents face, with 12.6% of the United States population, within the ages of 12-17, being diagnosed with major depressive disorder (Mullen, 2018). The rates of depression have continued to increase each year in response to the rapidly changing society. Treatment, interventions, and prevention are crucial when attempting to stop depression rates from rising. If left untreated, depression could lease to suicidal thoughts or behaviors. No less than 8% of adolescents diagnosed with major depressive disorder have committed suicide, making it the second leading cause of death among adolescents between the ages of 12 and 17 years old (Mullen, 2018). Interventions and treatments most used to treat depression include cognitive behavioral therapy, antidepressants, and psychoeducation. Review of the Articles Major depressive disorder is a severe mental disorder that is common in adolescents in the United States. It presents with a depressed mood and can become chronic or recurrent and lead to substantial impairment in an individual's ability to function (Bailey, 2011). The factors and causes of depression are extensive; the most frequent causes include social media, genetics,
3 bullying, and school/academic issues. The adolescent phase is a critical developmental stage where many of these factors happen to emerge and develop. Middle and high school are when many teens are victims of bullying, they are assigned more rigorous course work, and social media displays many unrealistic expectations. This generation does not spend as much time outside; instead, they are inside using electronic devices. Sunderland et al. discuss the prevalence of adolescents' sedentary behaviors, such as watching television and scrolling on social media. Young individuals spend more time engaging in these behaviors than engaging in physical activity or getting the recommended amount of sleep (Sunderland et al., 2019). Sedentary behaviors and lack of physical activity can lead to diseases, physical and mental, including depression.

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