ANTHRO101Exam1Notes - StudyGuide People Terms and Things to...

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Anthropology 101- Exam 1  Study Guide  People, Terms, and Things to Know Robert Redfield- Field Study In Tepotzlan, Mexico Study conducted found harmony, cooperation and family values in town Stated family values and religion were essential to society Approached community in different ways, Redfield talked to a lot of people in town, interviews etc Oscar Lewis- Examined same town 10 years later (Tepotzlan, Mexico) Study found Jealously, Competition within Town Completely different from Redfield Lewis held back didn’t talk to a lot of people, lots of observation Richard Lee - Primary Ethnographers of the Ju/Hoansi of southern Africa Hosted feast, but was insulted because he was drawing to much attention to himself Annette Weiner Economic importance of trobrain women- reproductive function Not changes in status of trobraind women, changes that allowed facts to be recognized, ethnographers point of view changed Bronislaw Malinowski Early contributor o the cross- cultural study of human psychology, famous for fieldwork of Trobrain Islanders Intended not to miss anything, established ethogorphy as a science Carl Linnaeus Developed the first comprehensive and still influential classification, or taxonomy, of plants and animals o Grouped life forms on the basis of similarities and differences in their physical characteristics o Biological similarities and differences had been established at the time of creation and had not changed Gregor Mendel “paint-pot” theory – the traits of the two parents blended in their children much as two pigments are blended in a can of paint Dominant form could makes the other form in hybrid, or mixed, individuals, the dominated trait- the recessive- was not destroyed Alleles- located on chromosomes arranged in pairs o Humans have 46 chromosomes, arranged in 23 pairs John-Baptiste Lamarck Inheritance of acquired characteristics Individuals who change during their lifetime can pass along those acquired changes through inheritance to their offspring Not legit; to far fetched Charles Darwin
Natural Selection: to explain change over time o Those most fit to survive and reproduce in a given environment do so more successfully than others in the same population o Humans and apes share common ancestry Napoleon Chagnon Being in the nude when he went to visit the tribe Yanomamami William Dressler Sept 26 th – high blood pressure highpertension; he noted east west( low to high) gradient which challenged the idea of their race being the factor, more cultural and social than biological More chronic the stress the greater the risk Edward Hall “Personal Space” Noted Cultural differences Yanomani Ethnogeoprpahy Anthropology -The study of biological and cultural diversity of humankind past and present, throughout time and space Study of human beings, geographically, historically unlimited Culture

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