Gen_Psy_Practice_exam_2--Answer_Key

Gen_Psy_Practice_exam_2--Answer_Key - 1. Mental groupings...

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1. Mental groupings of persons, ideas, events, or objects that share common properties are called a. algorithms. b. prototypes. c. concepts. d. a mental set. 2. Which of the following is most likely to be a prototype for the concept "furniture?" a. throne b. chair c. pew d. settee 3. Which of the following is most likely to be represented as a mental model? a. which way you turn your key to start your car b. how you tie your shoes c. how electricity works d. how you get ready for school in the morning 4. After trying unsuccessfully for hours to solve a problem, the mathematician took a break. When she came back, an insight quickly brought about the solution. She has experienced what psychologists refer to as the a. anchoring effect. b. incubation effect. c. framing effect. d. illusion of control. 5. The tendency to think of objects only in terms of their common uses or purposes is a description of a. functional fixedness. b. priming. c. inappropriate problem representation. d. the framing effect. 6. When you enter the classroom, you notice that someone has written the following sentences on the blackboard: "All professors are rich. My teacher is a professor. Therefore, my teacher is rich." You immediately recognize that this is an example of a. confirmation bias. b. the availability heuristic. c. belief perseverance. d. a syllogism 7. The practice of letting people choose their own lottery number combinations is consistent with which theory of gambling? a. illusion of control
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b. misunderstanding of the laws of probability c. biased explanations for wins and losses d. preference for risk-taking 8. Researchers Tversky and Kahneman asked people to judge whether there are more words in English that begin with the letter K or that contain K as the third letter. Erroneous judgments in this task support the existence of a. the availability heuristic. b. the representativeness heuristic. c. belief perseverance. d. mental models. 9. The biological units of heredity are called a. red blood cells. b. chromosomes. c. genes. d. proteins. 10. Found in all biological cells, __________ are rodlike structures that contain strands of deoxyribonucleic acid molecules. a. sperm b. chromosomes c. ovum d. genes 11. When you enter the classroom, you see the letters A, G, T, and C showing on a slide. You know these letters represent a. chromosomes. b. specific genes. c. DNA bases. d. inherited traits. 12. Human males carry a(n) __________ pair of sex chromosomes; human females carry a(n) __________ pair. a. XY; XX b. XX; XX c. YY; XX d. XX; YY 13. Researchers have found that of all the DNA letter sequences in the human genome, __________ percent are common to all humans. a. less than 1 b. about 10 c. nearly 50 d. 99.9
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14. One interesting finding of Peter and Rosemary Grant's study of finches during a period of drought was that a. it takes several generations for evolutionary adaptations to occur. b. evolution can be rapid and observable.
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Gen_Psy_Practice_exam_2--Answer_Key - 1. Mental groupings...

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