Gen_Psy_Exam_1_Review

Gen_Psy_Exam_1_Review - Instructor: Florette Cohen General...

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Instructor: Florette Cohen General Psychology Exam 1 1. With respect to the historical roots of psychology, the Greek philosophers Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle a. argued the position known as dualism. b. wrote extensively about human nature. c. supported the use of hypnosis to cure nervous disorders. d. believed that human behavior was too complex to study. 2. A friend asks you to read a paper she has written on the life of Wilhelm Wundt. When you read it, you notice that she has made an error when she states that Wundt a. founded the American Psychological Association. b. wrote the first book in psychology. c. edited psychology's first journal. d. founded the first laboratory dedicated to the scientific study of the mind. 3. Developed by the German scientist Gustav Fechner, __________ is the study of the relationship between physical stimuli and our subjective sensations of those stimuli. a. introspection b. psychophysics c. dualism d. monism 4. In contrast to basic research, applied research is more likely to be used to a. test theories. b. discover general principles. c. build a factual foundation of knowledge. d. solve practical problems. 5. Have you ever felt like a chameleon, changing your behavior to fit the group of people that you are with? The way that your behavior is influenced by others has probably been studied most by __________ psychologists. a. clinical b. social c. developmental d. biological 6. If you were a human research participant in a psychology study prior to the 1960s and 1970s, you would most likely be a. a female. b. a male. c. uneducated. d. a member of an ethnic or racial minority group. 7. The most important function of a correlational study is that it allows researchers to a. observe organisms in their natural environment. b. use variables to make predictions about other variables. c. be certain of the causes of a behavior. d. draw general conclusions based on weak data.
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8. The case of the injured railroad worker, Phineas Gage, is most important because it told us that a. the adult human brain weighs about three pounds. b. survival is impossible without an intact, functioning human brain. c. the brain is not involved in controlling pleasurable experiences. d. the brain is an integrated "system" consisting of different specialized parts.
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Brill during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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Gen_Psy_Exam_1_Review - Instructor: Florette Cohen General...

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