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Unformatted text preview: 189:101 VOCABULARY Acting When we initiate verbal and nonverbal communication. Adaptation Perspective A perspective that views communication as a process through which living beings create and use messages in order to relate to their environment and one another. Anomalies Research findings, observations, or events that cannot be explained by, or are inconsistent with, existing paradigms. Arbitration A process of formal negotiation between parties unable to reach a decision by other means. Arbitration involves a neutral party being brought in to aid group members in reaching a decision when they have arrived at an impasse. Argumentativeness A stable trait that predisposes an individual in communication situations to advocate positions on controversial issues and to verbally attack the positions that other people take on these issues. Aristotle A Greek orator influenced by the study of rhetoric who, along with his teacher, Plato, regarded communication as an art or craft to be practiced, as well as an area of study. Artifacts Objects that provide additional messages from which others may draw inferences as to the financial resources, aesthetic preferences, personality, status or occupation of an individual. Assessment A strategy for evaluating the performance of an organization in relation to the expectations of its constituencies, and the organization&#146;s mission and vision. Asynchronous Communication Occurs when there is a delay between the production of a message and its consumption by a receiver. The differentiation between asynchronous and synchronous communication is a frequently noted and defining characteristic of media. Attitudes, Beliefs, and Values The preferences and predispositions one has about particular topics, persons, or situations that play a critical role in information receiving activities and outcomes. Audience The group of individuals who have the potential for being exposed to and using an information product or service. Audience/Consumer Perspective An approach to public and mass communication that emphasizes the active and controlling role of the audience members with regard to the communication outcomes of the situations. Basic Functions of Communication The basic, biological functions served by communication, such as: Courtship and Mating, Reproduction, Parent-Offspring Relations and Socialization, Navigation, Self-Defense, Territoriality....
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