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Unformatted text preview: U.S. History Test 1 *reading to be done for this test. Big book p.552-557(stop at labor);p.561-563(stop at industrial city);p.567- 575(industrial city 1/23 The Election of 1876-After civil war, Lincoln had plan for reconstruction. After Lincoln was assassinated, congress had a different plan and wanted to be harsh to the south. They sent northern generals down to watch the southern states as a part of the reconstruction plan.-In 1876, the current president was Ulysses S. Grant. Grant’s administration was corrupt. Was a republican.-Democrats chose Grant Tilden. Was a reformer.-Republicans chose Rutherford B. Hays. Also a reformer.-On election day, Tilden has 184, Hayes has 165. But a total of 20 votes were not accounted for. D AVID D AVIS WAS THE ONE INDEPENDENT ON THE SUPREME COURT . I F HE WAS AWARDED SENATOR HE WOULD GIVE DEMOCRATS THE ONE VOTE THEY NEEDED TO WIN . T ILDEN WON POPULAR VOTE . H AYES WON ELECTORAL VOTE WITH 185. T HE COMPROMISE OF 1877- THE SOUTH WOULD TAKE THE TROOPS AND GENERALS OUT OF THE SOUTH AND HAVE A SOUTHERNER IN THE CABINET . I NFLUENCES ON THE E MERGENCE OF M ODERN A MERICA I NDUSTRIALIZATION- INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION . 1850 S-1860 S . A LLOWED FOR DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN A MERICA . M OVED AWAY FROM THE USE OF MAN POWER TO THE USE OF MACHINES . I MMIGRATION- OLD IMMIGRATION WERE PEOPLE THAT CAME FROM E NGLAND AND I RELAND (N ORTHERN AND W ESTERN E UROPE ). M OST PEOPLE THAT CAME HERE HAD EDUCATION AND SKILLS . T HEY MOVED INLAND . I N 1880 S WE HAD NEW IMMIGRATION FROM E ASTERN AND S OUTHERN E UROPE . T HEY WERE NOT LIKE US . D ID NOT HAVE OUR LANGUAGE , OUR RELIGION , SKILLS , OR EDUCATION . T HEY WERE PLACED IN JOBS NOBODY ELSE WANTED TO DO . F ORMED CITIES ON EASTERN COAST WITH PEOPLE LIKE THEM . M ET WITH POLITICIANS AS SOON AS THEY GOT HERE AND THEY HELPED THEM . M OST WERE YOUNG , HAD A ROMANTIC VIEW OF A MERICAN ( OPPORTUNITY ) , THEY WERE CALLED BIRDS OF PASSAGE WHO WOULD TRAVEL AROUND TO GET WHATEVER JOB THEY COULD GET AND WOULD SEND MONEY BACK HOME . M ADE MANY PEOPLE IN THIS COUNTRY UPSET . I N 1887, APA WAS FOUNDED AND H ENRY B OWERS LED IT . T HEY FEARED IMMIGRATION AND THEIR GOAL WAS TO STOP ALL IMMIGRATION . T HE I MMIGRATION R ESTRICTION L EAGUE WANTED TO LET IN ONLY THE QUALIFIED INDIVIDUALS . B Y 1880, C ALIFORNIA ’ S POPULATION WAS 9% C HINESE . C HINESE E XCLUSION A CT WAS GOING TO DENY ENTRY TO THE UNDENIABLES . U RBANIZATION- RISE OF THE CITY . G REELEY MADE A STATEMENT THAT SAID WE ALL CAN ’ T LIVE IN CITIES BUT WE ALL ARE DETERMINED TO DO SO . S AID THERE ARE TOO MANY CITIES IN THIS COUNTRY AND WE CAN ’ T ALL LIVE IN THEM . B IGGEST CHANGE WAS GROWTH OF LARGE CITIES . F ROM CIVIL WAR TO 1900 A LARGE MOVEMENT TO THE CITIES . 1 IN 5 IN 1900 LIVED IN A VERY LARGE CITY . B EFORE CIVIL WAR CITES WERE BASED ON COMMERCE OR TRADE OF GOODS . T HEY WERE COMMERCIAL NOT INDUSTRIAL . T HEN CITIES BEGAN TO SPREAD OUT AS INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BECAME MORE PREVALENT AND AUTOMOBILES WERE BEING PRODUCED . O NCE...
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