The Skeletal System - Notes - Anatomy and Physiology I Fall...

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Anatomy and Physiology I Fall 2013The Skeletal System, Part 2Pre-laboratory Assignment- Define the following terms:1.Inter-2.Infra-3.Extra-4.Hiatus5.Costal6.Supra-7.Sub-8.Tubercle9.Epi-10.Condyle
11.Epicondyle12.Axillary13.Meta-14.Os15.Symphysis16.Apex17.Carpals18.Tarsals19.Phalanges20.Endo-21.Peri-
During the lab period:be able to identify the following on the skeleton and on disarticulated bones. Be sure to feel the italicized structures on your own bodyI.Vertebral Column and ThoraxA.Vertebrae1.Cervical Vertebrae – in neck region. They contain transverse foramina. Their spinous processes may be bifurcating (forked) C72.Thoracic Vertebrae – articulate with the ribs. Spinous processes are long and point downward. “Giraffe face.” Locate the facet for the tubercule of the ribs T123.Lumbar Vertebrae – in lower back region. Thick, heavy bodies. Spinous processes are short and point straight backwards. “Moose face” L54.Sacrum – 5 fused bones See below S55.Coccyx – 3-5 fused bones. “Tail bone” C4Know how many vertebrae are found in each region – the breakfast, lunch, and dinner analogyFor the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae, know the following:1.Body2.Vertebral foramen – found WITHIN individual vertebrae3.Spinous process4.Transverse processes5.Transverse foramina – only found in cervical vertebrae6.Superior articular processes7.Inferior articular processes8.Inferior vertebral notch – where present9.Intervertebral disc (on intact skeleton) – cartilage BETWEEN vertebrae10.

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