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9-13-07 - SOC 302 Professor Fuchs 1 The Scientific...

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SOC 302 Professor Fuchs 9-13-07 1) The Scientific Revolution 2) The Core Solutions to the Problem of Order a. Marx: Violence, Coercion, “Ideology” b. Weber: Legitimization of authority c. Durkheim: Emotional Solidarity d. Simmel: Interesting Networks A. Scientific Revolution 17 th century, now the label “Scientific” has a special credence, science is replacing “religion”; this means science advances to a position of great authority; its trusted as the most rational way as to things that are valid; knowledge can be gained by being replicated by others; science is not based on prophetic revelations; texts no longer based on religious writers Reason and evidence are the two things that science is based on Anyone who follows a specific pattern can see something for themselves (reliability) Science continues to be authoritative on what the world really looks like Science is now a profession; unique to occidental modernity (ONLY IN MODERN SOCIETY) What Constitutes a Profession?
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