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Agricultural research and policy for better health and nutrition in developing countries

Agricultural research and policy for better health and nutrition in developing countries

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Agricultural research and policy for better health and nutrition in developing countries: a  food systems approach                         29/03/2008 23:48:00 -health influences food system as input through effect on human resource &  through interactions w/ natural resources used in food production -health, nutritional status of labor forces occupied in food system will make signif  impact on degree of efficiency & effectiveness of food system & how it ends up serving  societies -food system: self-vicious cycle in which poor health & nutrition leads to low  productivity human resources-contrib to deficiencies in food system, low incomes, and  health & nutrition Global food system begins human health & nutrition -2 reasons 1. large share of world’s poor employed in food system-their health,  nutrition conditions important for own well being, productivity & creativity = influence on  efficiency & effectiveness of global food system -good health, nutrition important input 2. global food system of critical importance as a means to achieve good  health, nutrition for all -nature of economic growth matters when considering how to achieve  good health & nutrition for all Current health & nutrition situation -92% of disease burden in developing countries -preschool children in poverty face much higher probability of death -10 to 12 million die from preventable causes every year-  ½  from hunger,  nutrition-related factors; large majority from poor households -stunting among preschool children correlated w/ wealth of household -higher in rural areas -70-75% of world’s poor reside in rural areas of developing countries-poor health  status, more deaths -modifiable environmental factors : include chemical, physical, biological hazards;  account for 24% of global health burden, 23% of all premature deaths, more than 1/3 or  children’s health burden
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-diseases attrib to modif envir factors: diarrhea, lower respiratory  infections, injuries, malaria -access to improved water sources less in rural areas -strong causal link between modifiable envir factors and human health implies  strong causal link between food system and health
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