Notes on Herodotus - Herodotus Different response to Bronze...

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Herodotus Historian Greek-speakers regarded themselves as different Different response to Bronze Age collapse Barbarians Common language and culture of Greece Political experimentation and cultural achievements From Chaos to Polis (1150–800 B.C.E.) Decline of Bronze Age citadels Mycenaean decline Depopulation Isolated settlements Greeks and their gods Idea of hubris Homer and the heroic tradition Importance of renewed trade Aristoi —the “best men” Heroic ideal Iliad and Odyssey
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Unformatted text preview: • First “sung” as part of an oral tradition • Finally written down around 800 B.C.E. – Importance of guest friendship – Competition, status, and the warrior-elite – Hero cults (1150–800 B.C.E.) • Rise of the polis – Increased contact between Greeks and Phoenicians • Alphabet • Seafaring – Rapid population growth – Polis (city-state) • Agora • Asty —the urban community • Khora —the land • Synoikismos —bringing together of dwellings...
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