# SPARC Architecture, Assembly Language Programming, and C (2nd Edition)

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1 Login: cs30x_______ Name _________________________ Student ID ____________________ Signature_______________________ CSE 30 Fall 2007 Final Exam 1. Number Systems ___________________ (25 points) 2. Binary Addition/Condition Code Bits/Overflow Detection ___________________ (12 points) 3. Branching ___________________ (19 points) 4. Bit Operations ___________________ (13 points) 5. Recursion/SPARC Assembly ___________________ (10 points) 6. Local Variables, The Stack, Return Values ___________________ (20 points) 7. More Recursive Subroutines ___________________ (12 points) 8. Floating Point ___________________ (12 points) 9. Machine Instructions ___________________ (20 points) 10. Linkage, Scope, Lifetime, Data ___________________ (32 points) 11. Load/Store/Memory ___________________ (9 points) 12. Miscellaneous ___________________ (29 points) SubTotal ___________________ (213 points) Extra Credit ___________________ (10 points) Total ___________________

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2 1. Number Systems Convert FB4B 16 (2’s complement, 16-bit word) to the following. (6 points) binary _____________________________________ (straight base conversion) octal _______________________________________ (straight base conversion) decimal ____________________________________ (convert to signed decimal) Convert 432 10 to the following (assume 16-bit word). Express answers in hexadecimal. (3 points) sign-magnitude _______________________________________________ 1’s complement _______________________________________________ 2’s complement _______________________________________________ Convert -389 10 to the following (assume 16-bit word). Express answers in hexadecimal. (6 points) sign-magnitude _______________________________________________ 1’s complement _______________________________________________ 2’s complement _______________________________________________ C Compiling Sequence Put the following in the correct order/sequence using the numbers to the left of each word: (10 points) A. executable (.exe/a.out) B. assembler C. resulting .o file D. loader E. program execution F. resulting .s file G. compiler H. preprocessor I. source code (.c file) J. linkage editor _____ —> _____ —> _____ —> _____ —> _____ —> _____ —> _____ —> _____ —> _____ —> _____
3 2. Binary Addition/Condition Code Bits/Overflow Detection Indicate what the condition code bits are when adding the following 8-bit 2’s complement numbers. (12 points) 00101101 00110111 11101001 +11010100 +01001001 +10010111 --------- --------- --------- N Z V C N Z V C N Z V C ----------------- ----------------- ----------------- | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | ----------------- ----------------- ----------------- 3. Branching Given the following C code write the equivalent function in unoptimized SPARC Assembly. Just perform a direct translation using the proper if-else structure discussed in class/notes (think opposite logic). (19 points) C SPARC Assembly int .global checkIfEvenAndPositive checkIfEvenAndPositive( int value ) .section ".text" { checkIfEvenAndPositive: if ( ((value % 2) == 0) && (value > 0) ) save %sp, -96, %sp return 1; else return 0; } In C, how could you rewrite/replace the expression (value % 2) == 0 to check if value is even such that the new expression is more optimal and does not translate into a function call or an expensive operation in SPARC Assembly? Give the more optimal expression:

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4 4. Bit Operations What is the value of %l0 after each statement is executed?
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