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NES Student Final Terms Filled In

NES Student Final Terms Filled In - Term Abu Simbel Who...

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Term Who What When Where Why important? Abu Simbel Ramesses II Ahmose 18th Dynasty Thebes Ahotep Thebes Akhenaten Pharaoh Heretic king Akhetaten Akhenaten Greek king Macedon Alexandria capital of Egypt Archaeological site comprising two massive rock temples in southern Egypt New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty - reign of Ramesses II Nubia (border of), First Cataract Ramesses II used it as a commemoration of his alleged victory at the Battle of Kadesh. Also b/c RII deified himself in the temple.It was dedicated to deified RII and gods of state: Re-Harakhte, Ptah, Amun-Re. Like everything he did on a scale larger than other pharaohs. Admonitions of Ipuwer Ipuwer (a sage) Ancient Egyptian Text/Poem (pessimistic literature) Between the late 12th dynasty and the Second Intermediate Period (ca. 1850 BCE - 1600 BCE) Probably from Memphis/Saq qara, now in Leiden. The only surviving copy of this poem dates from 19th dynasty, but based on the style of language it has ben dated much earlier. It described Egypt as a demoralized and rebellious country with its institutions in disarray. The theme of this work has previously been taken either as a lament inspired by the supposed chaos of the First Intermediate Period, or as historical fiction depicting the fall of the Old Kingdom several centuries earlier, or possibly a combination of these. David Rohl recently proposed a revised chronology, dating the Exodus to the Second Intermediate Period, in which case Ipuwer might refer to that event. However, Rohl's chronology has been rejected by most Egyptologists Kamose's Brother The First king of the New Kingdom Captured Avaris and chased the Hyksos into Canaan. He also reunified Egypt. Ahmose's mother Ancient Egyptian Queen, wife of Seqenenre Tao II New Kingdom, 17th Dynasty She played an active role in the anti-Hyksos wars of her husband King Seqenenre Tao and their two sons,serving as regent for Ahmose when he was in the field. 18th Dynasty, 1350s - 1330s BC First Thebes, then Akhetaten Revolution in religion and art. Akhenaten moved away from the Amun cult, and instead installed Aten, the god of the sun-disk, as the major god. He also moved the capital from Thebes to Amarna. Some think he had purely religious reasons, others think it was a reaction to the rising powers of the Amun priesthood. He did not concern himself with foreign policy that much, and as seen from diplomatic correspondence, Egypt lost in power abroad. Also, Akhenaten is known for the prominence he awarded his Great Wife Nefertiti, who is seen in almost the same scale as the king himself on monuments. Capital City of Akhenaten 18th Dynasty, Reign of Akhenaten and maybe 10-15 years after Middle Egypt, close to Asyut (Amarna) New capital city founded by Akhenaten to glorify the god of the sun-disk, Aten.
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