capital of Egypt
New Kingdom, 19th
Dynasty - reign of
Ramesses II used it as a commemoration of his alleged victory at the Battle of
Kadesh. Also b/c RII deified himself in the temple.It was dedicated to deified
RII and gods of state: Re-Harakhte, Ptah, Amun-Re. Like everything he did on
a scale larger than other pharaohs.
Between the late 12th
dynasty and the
Period (ca. 1850 BCE
- 1600 BCE)
qara, now in
The only surviving copy of this poem dates from 19th dynasty, but based on
the style of language it has ben dated much earlier. It described Egypt as a
demoralized and rebellious country with its institutions in disarray. The theme
of this work has previously been taken either as a lament inspired by the
supposed chaos of the First Intermediate Period, or as historical fiction
depicting the fall of the Old Kingdom several centuries earlier, or possibly a
combination of these. David Rohl recently proposed a revised chronology,
dating the Exodus to the Second Intermediate Period, in which case Ipuwer
might refer to that event. However, Rohl's chronology has been rejected by
The First king of
the New Kingdom
Captured Avaris and chased the Hyksos into Canaan.
also reunified Egypt.
Queen, wife of
Seqenenre Tao II
New Kingdom, 17th
She played an active role in the anti-Hyksos wars of her husband King
Seqenenre Tao and their two sons,serving as regent for Ahmose when he was
in the field.
18th Dynasty, 1350s -
Revolution in religion and art. Akhenaten moved away from the Amun cult, and
instead installed Aten, the god of the sun-disk, as the major god. He also
moved the capital from Thebes to Amarna. Some think he had purely religious
reasons, others think it was a reaction to the rising powers of the Amun
priesthood. He did not concern himself with foreign policy that much, and as
seen from diplomatic correspondence, Egypt lost in power abroad. Also,
Akhenaten is known for the prominence he awarded his Great Wife Nefertiti,
who is seen in almost the same scale as the king himself on monuments.
Capital City of
18th Dynasty, Reign
of Akhenaten and
maybe 10-15 years
close to Asyut
New capital city founded by Akhenaten to glorify the god of the sun-disk, Aten.
Very important site since it provides a snapshot of a city only occupied for c