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Figurative Language ListThe Crucible Test Study GuideAlliterationthe repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of consecutive wordsApostrophefigure of speech in which someone absent or dead OR something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and presentAssonanceresemblance of sound in words or syllablesClichéword or phrase that has been overly familiar or commonplaceHyperboleexaggeration, usually with humorIdiomexpression used by a particular group of people with a meaning that is only known through common useImagerylanguage that appeals to the sensesVerbal Ironya figure of speech when an expression used is the opposite of the thought in the speaker's mind, thus conveying a meaning that contradicts the literal definitionDramatic Ironya literary or theatrical device of having a character utter words which the reader or audience understandsto have a different meaning, but of which the character himself is unawareSituational Ironywhen a situation occurs which is quite the reverse of what one might have expectedMetaphorcomparison of two things not using “like” or “as”Onomatopoeiawords imitating a noise or soundPersonificationwhen nonliving things are given human qualitiesSimilecomparison of two things using “like” or “as”
Plot OverviewI NTHE PURITAN NEW ENGLANDTOWN of Salem, Massachusetts, a group of girls goes dancing in the forest with ablack slave named Tituba. While dancing, they are caught by the local minister, Reverend Parris. One of the girls, Parris’s daughter Betty, falls into a coma-like state. A crowd gathers in the Parris home while rumors of witchcraft fill the town. Having sent for Reverend Hale, an expert on witchcraft, Parris questions Abigail Williams, the girls’ ringleader, about the events that took place in the forest. Abigail, who is Parris’s niece and ward, admits to doing nothing beyond “dancing.”While Parris tries to calm the crowd that has gathered in his home, Abigail talks to some of the other girls, telling them not to admit to anything. John Proctor, a local farmer, then enters and talks to Abigail alone. Unbeknownst to anyone else in the town, while working in Proctor’s home the previous year she engaged in an affair with him, which led to her being fired by his wife, Elizabeth. Abigail still desires Proctor, but he fends heroff and tells her to end her foolishness with the girls.Betty wakes up and begins screaming. Much of the crowd rushes upstairs and gathers in her bedroom, arguing