Course Hero Logo

373369_READING 1 Perception.docx - Perception: Definition,...

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 10 pages.

Perception: Definition, Importance, Factors,Perceptual Process, ErrorsPerception is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensoryinformation in order to represent and understand the environment.All perception involves signals in the nervous system, which in turn result fromphysical or chemical stimulation of the sense organs.It is not the passive receipt of these signals but is shaped by learning, memory,expectation, and attention.The study, of these perceptual processes, shows that their functioning is affected bythree classes of variables – the objects or events being perceived, the environmentin which perception occurs, and the individual doing the perceiving.What is PerceptionPerception depends on complex functions of the nervous system but subjectivelyseems mostly effortless because this processing happens outside of consciousawareness.According to Joseph Reitz; “Perception includes all those processes by which anindividual receives information about his environment—seeing, hearing, feeling,tasting and smelling.”According to B. V. H. Gilmer, “Perception is the process of becoming aware ofsituations, of adding meaningful associations to sensations.”Uday Pareek said perception can be defined as “the process of receiving, selecting,organizing, interpreting, checking, and reacting to sensory stimuli or data.”According to S. P. Robbins, perception can be defined as “the process by whichindividuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to givemeaning to their environments.”
Perception includes the 5 senses; touch, sight, taste smell and sound. It alsoincludes what is known as perception, a set of senses involving the ability to detectchanges in body positions and movements.It also involves the- cognitive processes required to process information, such asrecognizing the face of a friend or detecting a familiar perfume.The study of these perpetual processes shows that their functioning is affected bythree classes of variables—the objects or events being perceived, the environment inwhich perception occurs and the individual doing the perceiving.In simple words, we can say that perception is the act of seeing what is there to beseen.But what is seen is influenced by the perceiver, the object and its environment. Themeaning of perception emphasizes all these three points.Importance of PerceptionPerception is a subjective, active and creative process through which we assignmeaning to sensory information to understand ourselves and others. It can bedefined as our recognition and interpretation of sensory information. It alsoincludes how we respond to the information.It is the process by which an organism detects and interprets information from theexternal world by means of the sensory receptors. It is our sensory experience ofthe world around us and involves both the recognition of environmental stimuli andactions in response to these stimuli.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 10 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
Suhana
Tags

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture