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Lecture 3 Introduction to the Atmosphere

Lecture 3 Introduction to the Atmosphere - A Depletion of...

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Chapter 3 Introduction to the Atmosphere Friday, February 1 I. Size of Earth’s Atmosphere II. Composition of the Atmosphere A. Permanent Gases 1. Nitrogen and Oxygen (1) Nitrogen (2) Oxygen (3) Argon (4) Neon, helium, methane, krypton, hydrogen are found in trace amounts B. Variable Gases 1. Water vapor 2. Carbon dioxide 3. Ozone 4. Carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and various hydrocarbons C. Particulates (Aerosols) 1. Particulates— 2. Particulates affect the weather and climate in two ways: III. Vertical Structure of Atmosphere A. Thermal Layers 1. Layers (1) Troposphere/tropopause (2) Stratosphere/stratopause (3) Mesosphere/mesopause (4) Thermosphere (5) Exosphere] 2. Temperature Patterns in the Atmosphere
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B. Pressure 1. Atmospheric pressure C. Composition 1. Homosphere 2. Heterosphere 3. Ozonosphere—ozone layer 4. Ionosphere IV. Human-induced Atmospheric Change
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Unformatted text preview: A. Depletion of the Ozone Layer 1. The “Hole” in the Ozone Layer (1) Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)— 2. The Montreal Protocol B. Air Pollution 1. Smoke – 2. Sulfur Compounds 3. Nitrogen Compounds 4. Photochemical Smog 5. Consequences of Anthropogenic Air Pollution V. Weather and Climate A. Weather— B. Climate— C. The Elements of Weather and Climate 1. Temperature 2. Pressure 3. Wind 4. Moisture D. The Controls of Weather and Climate 1. Controls (of weather/climate (1) Latitude (2) Distribution of land and water (3) General circulation of the atmosphere (4) General circulation of the oceans (5) Altitude (6) Topographic barriers (7) Storms VI. The Coriolis Effect A. Can significantly influence long-range movements. B. Four basic points to remember:...
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