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Fall Semester Exam Review SheetThis is NOT everything on the test, but it is everything I could put into words for you to research.VocabularyEffigyEvangelicalsAssimilationMercantilismSalutary neglectContent1.Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade-the Atlantic slave trade involved the transportation by slave tradersof enslaved African people , mainly to the Americas. It regularly used the triangular trade routeand its middle passage, and existed from the 16-19th century(Kiana M.)Reason for need of slaves-the south claimed they needed slaves to work the farms andserve their families. African slaves were considered safer than indentured servants, andplantation owners would tighten use them to make their businesses thrive. Slaves playeda major role.Dutch: In 1609 Henry Hudson sailed up a broad river that was later named after him, thehudson River. This established claims to the surrounding areas that would become NewAmsterdam (and later NY). They also focused on the fur trade along with creating apeaceful relationships with the natives.Spanish: Spanish motives were the three G’s Gold, Glory and God. First voyage broughtships full of gold and silver back to Spain successfully so the spanish remained in theamericas.the spanish established the Encomienda system that created a labor system forthe natives in the land. Diseases brought by the spanish wiped out millions of the nativepopulation those who did not die from disease died from forced labor.British: In 1587 the British attempted to establish their first colony Roanoke but it endedup being a failure. When they tried again in 1607 Jamestown was their first success.british settlers came in families not singles like other settlements, the natives helpedthem learn how to grow certain crops and adapt to life in the Americas. Peace was shortlived because the british thought natives were uncivilized and savage. The settlementslater developed into the New England, Middle and Southern colonies.2.Describe Zenger Trial and outcomeJohn Peter Zenger accused of libel (talking bad) against the colonial governmentdefended by Hamilton (not Alex)Argued that what was written was true, therefore it cannot be considered libelResultZenger = Acquitted3.Revolution of 1800Also referred to as Thomas Jefferson’s electionThis is when Jefferson, the Democratic-Republican, defeated John Adams of theFederalist party.The federalist party lost control of the presidency, congress, and support of the people.4.Navigation Acts
1650-1673Had 3 Rules:1 Colonies could only trade w/ Britain2. All goods getting imported must pass through ports in England3. Enumerated goods from the colonies could only exported to EnglandShowed end of salutary neglectCaused shipbuilding/tobacco industry to prosperBut were high prices for goods/ low prices for their crops5.Main idea (2) of Washington’s Farewell AddressHe didn’t want the country to split into 2 different political parties, didn’t want people tobe deeply invested into a party

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Slavery in the United States

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