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Quiz_1_answers - Ling 201-Quiz#1 Name_Daniel Altshuler 1(A...

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Ling 201—Quiz #1 Name__ Daniel Altshuler ____________________________ 1 Phrase structure and rules (A) Consider the sentence below: John gave a book to the librarian and Bill gave a book to the librarian. (i) Provide two pieces of evidence that gave a book to the librarian is phrase. Evidence #1: You can replace gave a book to the librarian with did too . Example: John gave a book to the librarian and Bill did too. Evidence #2: You can move gave a book to the librarian to the beginning of the sentence. Example: Give a book to the librarian is what Bill and John did. (There are other ways to provide evidence…) (B) Consider the sentence below: Anna knew that Ellie, who some student saw with a telescope, is very beautiful . (i) The phrase structure rules that we talked about in class do not generate this sentence without additional assumptions. Do we have to change our rule(s)? If so, which one(s) and how? If not, what additional assumption(s) do we need to make and what are the consequence of the assumption(s)? Justify your answer. Answer: In the sentence above, is very beautiful is a VP which contains the AP very beautiful . However, our rules do not allow an AP inside of VP. To generate the sentence, we can change our rules so that an AP is included inside the VP rule.
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