Chapter 16 - Lecture 16 Key Terms

Chapter 16 - Lecture 16 Key Terms - Chapter 16 – Lecture...

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Chapter 16 – Lecture 17 – Psychological Disorders 1. Defining psychological disorders (deviant, distressful, dysfunctional) – behavior patterns that are: a. Deviant – behaving differently than most people in one’s culture determined by cultural norms. b. Distressful – behavior causes feelings of discomfort and suffering. c. Dysfunctional - behavior interferes with life, impairs ability to deal effectively with the environment, impairs ability to reach reasonable goals, and impairs ability to interact with other people. 2. DSM-IV – Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4 th edition- covers all mental health disorders, descriptions of disorders, statistics, prognosis, and research concerning treatment approaches. a. Diagnosis based on: patient’s description of symptoms, information obtained from interviews, observation of patient’s behavior, and result of intelligence and personality tests. b. Criticisms: diagnosis labels can be dangerous. i. Once a person is labeled, we view that person differently. ii. Our perceptions of their behaviors are based by the labels we attach to them. iii. (1974) Langer & Abelson – therapists shown tapes of man being interviewed, half were told he was a “job applicant” and the other half “patient.” Descriptions of the man in the tape were completely opposite between the two groups. 3. Generalized anxiety disorder – anxiety becomes so magnified that it becomes disruptive to the person’s life. 12-18% of Americans have some sort of anxiety disorder. a. Anxiety experienced without having to be in contact with a specific situation. Since the person can’t identify the cause of the anxiety, they can’t avoid the cause either. b. Symptoms: unexplained tension and uneasiness, shakiness, sweaty palms, heart palpitations, difficulty concentrating. 4. Panic disorder – strikes about 1.5% of population.
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5. Panic attacks – episodes of intense dread, feelings of terror, chest pains, choking, shortness of breath, and lasts several minutes. They’re more extreme and frightening reactions than General Anxiety Disorders, which cause people to start fearing the fear itself, and start to avoid situations where panic has hit them before. 6.
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Chapter 16 - Lecture 16 Key Terms - Chapter 16 – Lecture...

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