150lecpoverty - Lecture Poverty as a Social Problem The...

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Lecture 9/13/05 Poverty as a Social Problem The Sociological Theory Debate Functionalism/Order Theory Conflict Theory Gans Theory of Who Benefits The Four Questions What is a problem? What makes a problem a social problem? What causes a social problem? What can be done about a social problem? Poverty as a Social Problem What is the Cause of Poverty? The Debate: Functionalist/Order theory Poverty may be caused by the failure of some people to meet the mainstream expectations of society Conflict Theory: Poverty is caused by a class system that assures that some people remain poor Functionalist/ Order Theory Inequality: Serves important purpose: motivating people to fill the different positions in society that are needed for a survival of the whole Differentiation is essential for a cohesive society Those who work the hardest have greater life chances The most talented are rewarded in proportion to their contribution to the social order
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