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Unformatted text preview: Aiton, 1 Professor Allen HI 300 November 20, 2007 Militia forces across the nation played a crucial role in the victory over Britain during the Revolutionary War. The New England militia specifically were directly involved in the first shots of the war in Lexington and Concord. The accomplishments of New England militias are well known, but the war eventually moved south where many decisive battles were won due in large part to militia groups. Particularly in North Carolina, the Battle of Kings Mountain was fought exclusively by militia groups from North Carolina and Tennessee. In comparison to the battle at Lexington and Concord, the relatively unknown Battle of Kings Mountain was also a critical Patriot victory that led to the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown. But what were the militia forces of North Carolina like in comparison to the militia forces that fought at Lexington and Concord? More specifically, what led these men to fight? The southern militia forces at Kings Mountain seemed led to fight; where as, the New England militia forces at Lexington and Concord seemed forced to fight. To examine this question, an analysis must be done comparing their living conditions and training, the extent of their volunteers, and their morale levels and success rates during battle. The battles of Lexington and Concord took place on April 19, 1775, in Middlesex County, Massachusetts Bay marking the outbreak of the war. In the few decades leading up to the war, Concord was a town, like most other Massachusetts countryside towns, Aiton, 2 that was not interested in affairs outside its city limits. Its residents had enough problems within their own town. There was a growing dissent within the church with part of the town in support of the traditional, pious William Emerson, and the other in support of Daniel Bliss, a product of the Great Awakening. 1 In political affairs, Concord was able to elect its own leaders. However, it continued to follow the same path of years prior by electing only the towns well-born and elite to public offices. Another growing problem in Concord was overpopulation. Families were growing larger but there was not enough productive land for inheritance and future farmers. This was causing a growing tension at home between young men and their fathers. 2 Boys who were eager to inherit their land and start their own lives were being kept at home longer and longer by their fathers. With the overcrowding of the town and the growing expansion of the West, the sooner a young man could take out to find his own land the better. Another problem of depleting lands and a growing demand from a growing population was the production of smaller crop yields....
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course HIST HI 300 taught by Professor Allen during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.
- Spring '08
- Revolutionary War